How is the deficit angle due to a relativistic cosmic string derived?

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The presence of a cosmic string does not lead to gravitational attraction of a particle placed some distance away from it. But it affects the geometry of planes orthogonal to the cosmic string, such that the circumference of a circle traced out when moving around it at a distance r is given by

$$
C = r(2\pi -\Delta)
$$

which means that the flat plane is deformed to a cone.

How can the deficit angle due to a relativistic string

$$
\Delta = \frac{8\pi G T_0}{c^4} = \frac{8\pi G \mu_0}{c^2}
$$

be derived from general relativity?
 
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Answers and Replies

  • #2
Bill_K
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This page has a derivation. He starts with an infinite line source having mass density μ and tension T. Solves the linearized field equations (or claims to), and shows that the resulting metric can be transformed into a metric which is flat, but with an angular deficit.
 
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