Increase pressure in closed container

In summary, An increase in pressure within a closed container occurs when there is an increase in the number of molecules or their kinetic energy. This can be caused by various factors such as temperature, volume, or the addition of more gas. The resulting increase in pressure can have a variety of effects, including changes in temperature and the ability to hold more gas molecules. Understanding and controlling pressure in a closed container is important in various industries, from food packaging to chemical reactions.
  • #1
cronusmin
10
0
an experiment^^ in a closed container, means tat it has a constant volume. when i increase the air pressure inside(without heating), the result is the temperature will increase. why? can i hav a theoretical explanation?
thx for reading
 
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  • #2
Welcome to PF,

Consider the first law of thermodynamics together with the definition of kinetic temperature.
 
  • #3
wow, answering so fast...thank you guys
let me try to think about it 1st
 
  • #4
cronusmin said:
wow, answering so fast...thank you guys
let me try to think about it 1st
No problem, as an additional hint, think about how you would increase the pressure.
 
  • #5
It is because of the equation (p)(v)/(t) which is constant and if you increase the pressure the temperature will rise. According to the equation (law of thermodynamics)
 
  • #6
glennpagano44 said:
It is because of the equation (p)(v)/(t) which is constant and if you increase the pressure the temperature will rise. According to the equation (law of thermodynamics)
"[URL Law[/URL].
 
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  • #7
thanks for the correction
 
  • #8
I think a good physical explanation (no math or equations) is that this "air" is always moving hitting each other and the inside of the container. If you deacrease the volume or add more air molecules, the container would be more crowded and this molecules would start hitting each other more constantly than when it was not. This "friction" and constant hitting between the molecules would heat them increasing temperature.
kynetic energy into heat

-link
 
  • #9
Link- said:
I think a good physical explanation (no math or equations) is that this "air" is always moving hitting each other and the inside of the container. If you deacrease the volume or add more air molecules, the container would be more crowded and this molecules would start hitting each other more constantly than when it was not. This "friction" and constant hitting between the molecules would heat them increasing temperature.
kynetic energy into heat

-link
Bad physics. Kinetic energy is not heat nor can a molecule or anything else for that matter "have heat". Furthermore, one cannot talk about temperature at the molecular level since temperature is only defined at the macroscopic level, i.e. for a large collection of molecules.
 
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  • #10
Hootenanny said:
Bad physics. Kinetic energy is not heat nor can a molecule or anything else for that matter "have heat". Furthermore, one cannot talk about temperature at the molecular level since temperature is only defined at the macroscopic level, for a large collection of molecules.

Come on, Is just a really simplify explanation and I didn't wrote that kinetic energy is heat, kinetic energy into heat. First law of thermodynamics, as you said, would explain how this kinetic energy can change into heat (conservation of energy).
I tried to make a simple explanation because not everyone has a degree on physics or engineering and some mathematical explanations doesn't help to visualize how things happens such as Ideal gas equation.

Sorry is true that molecules or any matter can have heat, is internal energy that would increase.
The real explanation is that W of compresion is equal to the change on internal energy
W=U2-U1 and U2-U1=Cv(T2-T1)*m.
 
  • #11
Link- said:
Come on, Is just a really simplify explanation and I didn't wrote that kinetic energy is heat, kinetic energy into heat. First law of thermodynamics, as you said, would explain how this kinetic energy can change into heat (conservation of energy).
No, no, no! You've missed the point, a molecule, gas, liquid, solid, anything cannot have heat. See my post https://www.physicsforums.com/showpost.php?p=1595186&postcount=7" .
Link- said:
I tried to make a simple explanation because not everyone has a degree on physics or engineering and some mathematical explanations doesn't help to visualize how things happens such as Ideal gas equation.
There's a difference between simplification and just plain wrong and misleading. I don't intend to cause offense, I just want to make sure that both you and the OP understand that your previous post was both incorrect and misleading.
Link- said:
Sorry is true that molecules or any matter can have heat, is internal energy that would increase.
The real explanation is that W of compresion is equal to the change on internal energy
W=U2-U1 and U2-U1=Cv(T2-T1)*m.
With respect to molecules heaving heat, see me previous comment. With respect to the internal energy of a molecule, could you please define internal energy for me and then explain to me how a molecule has internal energy?
 
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  • #12
glennpagano44 said:
It is because of the equation (p)(v)/(t) which is constant and if you increase the pressure the temperature will rise. According to the equation (law of thermodynamics)

DaveC426913 said:
"[URL Law[/URL].

glennpagano44 said:
thanks for the correction

With respect to the OP's question, from which we have deviated a little*, please accept my apologies glenn, we cannot apply Boyle's law here since Boyle's law assumes constant temperature. I restate my original question, how would you increase the pressure of the gas, given that it's volume must remain constant?

As an aside Link's alternative argument, although incorrectly put, in essence is still correct. Consider how the kinetic energy (and hence temperature) of the gas molecules would change if you increased the number of molecules in the same volume.

* Doc, Zz et al., feel free to split of this discussion into a different thread.
 
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  • #13
Internal Energy would be the one that can't be classified as kinetic energy and potential energy such as sensible energy, latent energy, chemical energy and nuclear energy. Latent would be vibration, rotation and translation, that in a macroscopic point of view would be kinetic energy.

And as I said before,
Sorry is true that molecules or any matter can have heat...
Sorry if my explanation of how the increase in temperature is proportional to increase in pressure is not the best. Since I don't know the guy or girl who post the interrogant or what knowledge in thermodynamics has I tried to explain it as simple as possible. Is true that is incorrect and misleading.

How would you explain this phenomena to a kid with a middle school science knowledge? No thermodynamics, no heat transfer and no equations.

-link

PD. https://www.physicsforums.com/showpost.php?p=1595186&postcount=7"
But Q-W=[tex]\Delta[/tex]U
 
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  • #14
Link- said:
But Q-W=[tex]\Delta[/tex]U
Whether the work gets a negative sign or not depends on your sign convention. More modern treatments use W to mean the work done on the system, thus giving Q+W=[tex]\Delta[/tex]U. (I prefer this form as it makes the connection with energy conservation even more apparent.)
 
  • #15
Hootenanny said:
With respect to the OP's question, from which we have deviated a little*, please accept my apologies glenn, we cannot apply Boyle's law here since Boyle's law assumes constant temperature.
:confused:

The OP wants to know what will happen if he increases the pressure of the gas and does not heat the gas. What will happen is the the gas's temperature will increase - as per Boyle's Law.
 
  • #16
DaveC426913 said:
The OP wants to know what will happen if he increases the pressure of the gas and does not heat the gas. What will happen is the the gas's temperature will increase - as per Boyle's Law.
:confused: You posted a link to Boyle's law. Did you read it? :wink:

(Boyle's law applies to an ideal gas kept at constant temperature.)
 
  • #17
Link- said:
Internal Energy would be the one that can't be classified as kinetic energy and potential energy such as sensible energy, latent energy, chemical energy and nuclear energy. Latent would be vibration, rotation and translation, that in a macroscopic point of view would be kinetic energy.
Well read from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internal_energy#Composition", but I think your a little confused here. For a general fluid, the internal energy can be described as the sum of the translation, rotational, vibration kinetic energies and the potential energies of the molecules within a system. This can be 'broken down' into the energy 'types' you mentioned, but it isn't necessary. So in fact, in a monatomic gas, the total translational kinetic energy of the molecules within a system is the internal energy. I also repeat my early question "Could you please now explain to me how a single molecule can have internal energy"?
Link- said:
And as I said before,
Sorry if my explanation of how the increase in temperature is proportional to increase in pressure is not the best. Since I don't know the guy or girl who post the interrogant or what knowledge in thermodynamics has I tried to explain it as simple as possible. Is true that is incorrect and misleading.
And as I said before, there is a difference between simplification and simply incorrect. As I said in my previous post, there is nothing wrong with the concept of your argument, just in how you put it. The idea behind your argument is the correct one, but the way your argued your point is incorrect and invalidates your argument.

It is imperative, particularly in Thermodynamics and physics in general, the one uses correct terms. Physical terms have very specific meanings and one must chose which terms to use carefully.
Link- said:
How would you explain this phenomena to a kid with a middle school science knowledge? No thermodynamics, no heat transfer and no equations.
I was use the concept of kinetic theory, but correctly put.
Link- said:
PD. https://www.physicsforums.com/showpost.php?p=1595186&postcount=7"
But Q-W=[tex]\Delta[/tex]U
Thank you for the compliment. It looks like Doc's got your comment covered, however, you should notice that in that post I defined W as the work on on the system, it is simply a matter of sign convention. After reading my post, I hope you now understand the difference between heat, temperature and internal energy.

To cronusmin
Just to summarise so that you need to read anymore than necessary. Up to now, we have mentioned two ways in which you can explain the increase in temperature,

(1) Consider the first law, how would you increase the pressure given that V is constant? What kind of device would you use? What does that device need to operate?

(2) Kinetic Theory, use the concept that Link introduced, but use the proper terms correctly. Consider how the kinetic energy (and hence temperature) of the gas molecules would change if you increased the number of molecules in the same volume.
 
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  • #18
seem like its a big argue here...
1st at all, i do this experiment by using a closed container with air inside at the begining.then i use a machine to pump in the air. for sure tat the pressure inside will increase, i found tat the temperature also increase too. this is wat I've done b4.

i have 1 question from Hootenanny, from the msg u said,'an additional hint, think about how you would increase the pressure.'can i know wat is this mean?
 
  • #19
cronusmin said:
i have 1 question from Hootenanny, from the msg u said,'an additional hint, think about how you would increase the pressure.'can i know wat is this mean?
You have answered your own question,
cronusmin said:
[...] then i use a machine to pump in the air. [...]
 
  • #20
haha...i thought that your hints maybe something like slowly pump in or faster pump in. thx
 
  • #21
Doc Al said:
:confused: You posted a link to Boyle's law. Did you read it? :wink:

(Boyle's law applies to an ideal gas kept at constant temperature.)
Heh. I thought I'd deleted this post. I realized my argument wasn't rigorous.

In diving, we learned Boyle's Law and Charles' Law together - basically showing that volume, temperature and pressure are directly interrelated. Keep anyone of them constant, change a second, and the third will vary proportionally (though it may be direct or inverse, depending).

It wasn't until I looked very closely that I realized Boyle's Law is only one piece of the picture. As I said, I thought I'd deleted this post, since it would have just confused things.
 

Related to Increase pressure in closed container

1. How does increasing pressure in a closed container affect the temperature?

Increasing pressure in a closed container will also increase the temperature of the gas inside. This is due to the ideal gas law, which states that as pressure increases, temperature also increases. This is because the molecules inside the container have less space to move around and thus collide with each other more frequently, resulting in higher kinetic energy and temperature.

2. What happens to the volume of a gas when the pressure is increased in a closed container?

According to Boyle's Law, the volume of a gas is inversely proportional to its pressure. This means that as pressure increases, the volume of the gas will decrease. This is because the molecules are more closely packed together and have less space to move around, resulting in a decrease in volume.

3. Can increasing pressure in a closed container cause the container to explode?

Yes, increasing pressure in a closed container can potentially cause the container to explode if the pressure becomes too high. This is because as pressure increases, the force exerted on the walls of the container also increases. If the container is not strong enough to withstand this force, it may rupture or explode.

4. What is the relationship between pressure and the number of gas molecules in a closed container?

According to Avogadro's Law, the pressure of a gas is directly proportional to the number of gas molecules in a closed container, when temperature and volume remain constant. This means that as the number of gas molecules increases, so does the pressure, and vice versa.

5. How does increasing pressure in a closed container affect the rate of a chemical reaction?

Increasing pressure in a closed container can affect the rate of a chemical reaction in different ways. In some cases, increasing pressure may increase the rate of a reaction by increasing the number of collisions between molecules. However, in other cases, increasing pressure may decrease the rate of a reaction by changing the equilibrium of the reaction. It ultimately depends on the specific reaction and its reaction conditions.

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