Show that the evaluation of the pullback of a constant 1-form [tex] k_{1}dx + k_{2}dy + k_{3}dz [/tex] over the directed line segment from [tex] \bold{r} [/tex] to [tex] \bold{s} [/tex] does not depend on which linear parameterization is chosen.(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});

So [tex] (x,y,z) = \bold{r} + t(\bold{s}-\bold{r}) [/tex]. Then what?

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# Independent of parameter

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