# Integration Problem

## Homework Statement

f:=sin^3(x)cos(y)
Integrate f, from x=y....pi/2)

## Homework Equations

I can do it if the two letters were y... But i have no idea how to solve when they are combined..

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## Answers and Replies

HallsofIvy
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
That is:
$$\int_y^{\pi/2} sin^3(x)cos^3(y) dx$$
Find the anti-derivative (there's a standard method for odd powers of sin or cos) and evaluate between $\pi/2$ and y. Of course, the answer will not be number but will depend on y.

cristo
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
Integrate f with respect to what? Is this a double integration, or a single integration? Please state the question exactly as it is given.

f:=sin^3(x)*cos(y);

Integrate f with respect to x.... from y to Pi/2

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Integrate f with respect to what? Is this a double integration, or a single integration? Please state the question exactly as it is given.

In all fairness to jra_1574, I wouldn't say that the question was ambiguous at all. The variable of integration may not have been explicitly stated but the way it was written

"from x=y...Pi/2"

seemed fairly obvious to me, and is in fact the way that some CAS's denote a definite integral (the primary example in mind would be Maple).

As for the actual question jra_1574, the integration doesn't depend on y, and so it's a constant and by linearity can be pulled out of the integral.

HallsofIvy
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
In all fairness to jra_1574, I wouldn't say that the question was ambiguous at all. The variable of integration may not have been explicitly stated but the way it was written

"from x=y...Pi/2"

seemed fairly obvious to me, and is in fact the way that some CAS's denote a definite integral (the primary example in mind would be Maple).

As for the actual question jra_1574, the integration doesn't depend on y, and so it's a constant and by linearity can be pulled out of the integral.

Agree with everything you say except for the last line! y is the lower limit of integration and cannot be "pulled out of the integral".

Office_Shredder
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
Gold Member
Agree with everything you say except for the last line! y is the lower limit of integration and cannot be "pulled out of the integral".

What if instead it was written as f=sin(x)^3cos(0) and was integrated from 0 to pi/2. Couldn't the cos(0) be pulled out of the integral? I'm not sure how this is supposed to be any different

cristo
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
In all fairness to jra_1574, I wouldn't say that the question was ambiguous at all. The variable of integration may not have been explicitly stated but the way it was written

"from x=y...Pi/2"

seemed fairly obvious to me

That may be true, but the fact that he said "I don't know what to do when there are two letters" implied that it could be a double integration. Besides, one should always state explicitly what one is doing.
As for the actual question jra_1574, the integration doesn't depend on y, and so it's a constant and by linearity can be pulled out of the integral.
What you mean is that y is a constant when integrating wrt x, and so cos(y) can be treated as a constant.

HallsofIvy
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
What if instead it was written as f=sin(x)^3cos(0) and was integrated from 0 to pi/2. Couldn't the cos(0) be pulled out of the integral? I'm not sure how this is supposed to be any different
Since cos(y) is a constant (with respect to x) it can be "pulled out of the integral". That is different from saying y (which is also the lower limit of integration) can be "pulled out of the integral".

$$\int_y^{\pi/2} sin^3(x)cos(y)dx= cos(y)\int_y^{\pi/2} sin^3(x) dx$$

Office_Shredder
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
Gold Member
I assumed that was what Kreizhn meant. Never mind then

Yeah, sorry, meant the cos(y). It was late and I figured it was pretty obvious what I meant

Edit: Hurrah for semantical trivialities. I know that I should've stated that better but come on HallsOfIvy, I would've imagined that you knew precisely what I was talking about and was nit-picking

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HallsofIvy
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
Actually, I was taken aback by it because I had focused on the "y" as a limit of the integral rather than the "cos(y)" while you were doing the opposite!

Also I agree that that looks like "half" of a double integral!

How would i type that in maple?

f:=sin(x)^3*cos(y)?
or f:=sin^3(x)*cos(y)?

anyways i pulled the cos(y) out of the integral, then change sin^3(x) to sin(x)*(1-cos^2(x))... i think that led me to
sin(x)-cos^2(x)*sin(x)

so integrate sin(x)= cos(x) minus
integration of cos^2(x)*sin(x) = i am not sure but is this g and g'? or i have to choose one to be u and do the du/dx?

Don't forget that there's a $\frac{1}{2}$ in there as well.

$$sin^2(x) = \displaystyle\frac{1}{2} \left( 1-cos(2x) \right)$$

then let $u = cos(x)$ so that $du = - sin(x) dx$ and proceed from there.

In maple, you could write either

f:=sin(x)^3*cos(y);

or if you actually wanted to be able to evaluate f and certain points

f:=(x,y) -> sin(x)^3*cos(y);

OK thanks so much for your help!