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Is the composition of a function and a metric a metric?

  1. Mar 23, 2014 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Given that f is continuous and strictly increasing, f:[0, ∞)->[0, ∞), f(0)=0, and d(x,y) is the standard metric on the real number line,

    Is there a function f such that [itex]d'(x,y)=f(d(x,y))[/itex] is not a metric on the real number line?

    3. The attempt at a solution
    The standard metric firsts maps (x,y) in R2 to |x-y|, which the function f then takes and maps it to a new 'distance', which preserves order since f is strictly increasing. As far as I can tell, the new metric d'(x,y) satisfies the positivity and symmetry properties of metrics as far as I can tell so I think I need to look at the triangle inequality:
    Either showing d'(x,y)≤d'(x,z)+d(z,y) holds, i.e. equivalently, f(|x-y|)≤f(|x-z|)+f(|z-y|)) for all functions satisfying the conditions, or finding an example of such a function where it fails. If the function is strictly increasing - finding f where the triangle doesn't hold seems like it might be pretty tough.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 23, 2014 #2

    LCKurtz

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    Have you looked for any such functions? What have you tried?
     
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