# A Manipulations with Hubbard operators (1 Viewer)

### Users Who Are Viewing This Thread (Users: 0, Guests: 1)

#### Arman88

Hi, I'm starting to study how to use Hubbard operators and I cannot understand one property:
Consider the hopping terms for a lattice Hamiltonian with bosons:
$$\sum_{i,j\neq i} t_{i,j} b^\dagger_i b_j$$
when writing this term in the basis of Hubbard operators $$X^{a,b}_i =| a,i \rangle \langle b,i |$$ becomes:
$$\sum_{i,j\neq i} t_{i,j} \sum_{p} \gamma_p \gamma_q X^{p+1,p}_i X^{q,q+1}_j$$ being $$\gamma_q = \sqrt{q+1}$$
My question refers to the Fourier transform of this term. I would expect that due to the translation symmetry of the hopping, this term can be diagonalized in momentum space and therefore it should be possible to contract the two Hubbard operators to:
$$\sum_k t_k X^{p+1,p}_k X^{q,q+1}_k = \sum_k t_k X^{p+1,p+1}_k$$
but I see that for example in ref. "Cluster Perturbation Theory in Hubbard Model Exactly Taking into Account the ShortRange Magnetic Order in 2 × 2 Cluster" with DOI: 10.1134/S1063776110100146, Eq. 13 does not simplify the product of these two Hubbard operators. Could someone explain to me why?

Thank you in advance

#### PF_Help_Bot

Thanks for the thread! This is an automated courtesy bump. Sorry you aren't generating responses at the moment. Do you have any further information, come to any new conclusions or is it possible to reword the post? The more details the better.

### The Physics Forums Way

We Value Quality
• Topics based on mainstream science
• Proper English grammar and spelling
We Value Civility
• Positive and compassionate attitudes
• Patience while debating
We Value Productivity
• Disciplined to remain on-topic
• Recognition of own weaknesses
• Solo and co-op problem solving