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MATLAB programming assignment (for loop)

  1. Mar 29, 2012 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    (see attached file)


    2. Relevant equations
    (see attached file)


    3. The attempt at a solution
    isbn=input('Enter 9 Letter ISBN number: ','s');
    for i=1:1:length(isbn)

    (%indent)num=str2num(cat);
    (%indent)check=num*i

    %somewhere in here I need code to add all the checks found in the loop



    end
    checksum=mod(check%not correct,11)




    So I have gotten the loop to visit all the digits separately and multiply it by the loop variable. Now all I need is some way to add all of those values into one. From there I use the modulus function and that's basically it. My prof gave a few hints. She said an if statement would be used, but that's probably for when the mod of the value will equal 10 and I need to display an X.

    Also, I'm assuming I need to use a string concatenation at some point since it reminds me about it. Will that be used to put together the output at the end?

    I realize this is probably a very simple exercise but this is my first effort using loops so I'm still trying to get a grasp on it
     

    Attached Files:

    Last edited: Mar 29, 2012
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 29, 2012 #2
    You need a running total for the checksum. In your current for loop, each increment of your loop variable, you erase what was originally in check and replace it with num*i. Also, cat seems undefined. Take a look at this piece of code that correctly gives the checksum:

    Code (Text):

    isbn=input('Enter 9 Digit ISBN number: ','s');
    check = 0;
    for k = 1:length(isbn)
        check = check + str2double(isbn(k))*k;
    end

    checksum = mod(check,11) %correct now
       
    The difference is I say check = check + number. So I say the new check is equal to whatever was in there before plus this additional number. It is important to realize that check = check + number isn't the same kind of equal sign as in algebra. Also, I define check = 0 before entering the loop. Otherwise, I will get an error, because the code will say new check = old check + number. But old check doesn't exist!

    On a side note, the default increment is 1, so you don't need to put it in your for loop if you want to leave it out.

    I imagine her idea behind mentioning string concatenation was to provide a tool for you to create the output. I notice in the screenshot there are dashes, numbers, and potentially an X. So you can create this output string with a few concatenations.
     
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