# Merging columns from two text files

Gold Member
Suppose I have two .txt files:
Python:
>>text1.txt
X    Y    Z
x1  y1   z1
x2  y2   z2
...
xN  yN  zN

>>text2.txt
W   R
w1   r1
w2   r2
...
wN   rN

Is it possible to merge the collumns in a single txt file like:
Python:
>>merged.txt
X    Y    Z   W   R
x1  y1   z1   w1  r1
x2  y2   z2   w2  r2
...
xN  yN  zN   wN  rN
?
Either with some c++ or python code, or with bash or vim.

Yes, the first but maybe inefficient solution that comes to my mind is as follows,
You read the first file and put the values into a 2D array(think of it as a matrix) and then you can read the second file and put the values into the corresponding index of the 2D array and then you can write a new file from this array.

ChrisVer
BvU
Homework Helper
I hate excel, but for this kind of thing I would be inclined to use it.

harborsparrow and .Scott
MarneMath
A simple way to do this in python is to use pandas.

Code:
>>> import pandas as pd

>>> text1 = pd.read_csv("text1.txt", sep = "\t")

>>> text1

X   Y   Z

0  x1  y1  z1

1  x2  y2  z2
>>> text2 = pd.read_csv("text2.txt", sep = "\t")

>>> text2

W   R

0  w1  r1

1  w2  r2
>>> result = pd.concat([text1,text2],axis = 1)

>>> result

X   Y   Z   W   R

0  x1  y1  z1  w1  r1

1  x2  y2  z2  w2  r2

result.to_csv("save_me.txt",sep = "\t")

Also if you want to use bash then this works too:

Code:
paste text1.txt text2.txt | awk '{print $1,$2,$3,$4,$5}' or if you want to write it out to another file. paste text1.txt text2.txt | awk '{print$1,$2,$3,$4,$5}' > result.txt

Last edited:
Pepper Mint and ChrisVer
Mark44
Mentor
Suppose I have two .txt files:
Python:
>>text1.txt
X    Y    Z
x1  y1   z1
x2  y2   z2
...
xN  yN  zN

>>text2.txt
W   R
w1   r1
w2   r2
...
wN   rN

Is it possible to merge the collumns in a single txt file like:
Python:
>>merged.txt
X    Y    Z   W   R
x1  y1   z1   w1  r1
x2  y2   z2   w2  r2
...
xN  yN  zN   wN  rN
?
Either with some c++ or python code, or with bash or vim.
Assuming that the two files are laid out as you show, with three columns of data in text1.txt and two columns of data in text2.txt, and both files have N lines of data, here is an algorithm:

Code:
Do
Read x, y, z from text1.txt
Write x, y, z, w, r to merged.txt
While (text1.txt contains data AND text2.txt contains data)

Did you say vim? As in one time shot with an editor? I don't know vim, but good editors like Notepad++ (on Windows), Nedit (on Linux) and others will allow you to select the two columns of the one file as a rectangular selection; then, you simply paste on the other file.

Gold Member
Did you say vim?
I said vim because I know that vim allows a visual block selection (I guess it's the same as the rectangular selection you mentioned)...
So I was guessing that if it's able to select blocks, it should also be able to paste them in some particular position (like an appending of collumn).

jim mcnamara
Mentor
bash means Linux. There are a lot of excellent text manipulation utilities in Linux. My point is do not write code when a command does it.

Try paste. Example shell script - you can simply run the one line "paste .." command on the command line.
Code:
paste test1.txt text2.txt > newfile.txt

IMO writing code for this is counterproductive.

bigfooted, websterling, phyzguy and 1 other person
Parallel processing library of C# I really love works like a charm. You should give it a try!
PHP:
private static void TextFileMerge(string fPath1, string fPath2, string fOutPath)
{
try {
if (fileContent1.Length != fileContent2.Length)
{
throw new ArgumentException("Lengths of two files are different");
}
string[] fileMerge = new string[fileContent1.Length];
using (StreamWriter sw = new StreamWriter(fOutPath))
{
Parallel.For(0, fileContent1.Length, x =>
{
fileContent1[x] += " " + fileContent2[x];

});
foreach (string s in fileContent1)
{
sw.WriteLine(s);
}
}
}
catch (Exception)
{
//handle
}
}

harborsparrow
Gold Member
I would import to Excel, then copy and paste. Might require only minutes.

rbelli1
Gold Member
Is this something you need to automate or just an occasional need? If it is an occasional need find a text editor that does rectangular select. You can just copy and paste the data. For Windows I recommend Notepad++.

BoB

Gold Member
I would import to Excel, then copy and paste. Might require only minutes.
1. needs excel and too much manual work (txt->excel->txt).
2. excell is not able to accept columns. I think it would put everything into a single cell.

Is this something you need to automate
yes... I want the program to do the calculations and stuff, the result is saved into text files in a form that can be immediately be compiled into a latex table.
Because the code I am running has problems with closing files I get a system error of too many opened files. In order to overcome this problem I run the code several times with less file inputs. SO, the results are saved into different txt files which I want to merge to compile.

Last edited:
Mark44
Mentor
Because the code I am running has problems with closing files I get a system error of too many opened files.
When you are finished with a file, are you closing it? Since you started this thread asking about C++ and python, my answer is in that context. If you use either of those languages (and others besides those two), good housekeeping dictates that you close a file once you're done with it.

Gold Member
When you are finished with a file, are you closing it?
No, there was generally an issue with how the code handled the open files. I know they solved the problem in the new version of their FW but my analysis is based on the old one [when I tried to update funny things happened].

Mark44
Mentor
No, there was generally an issue with how the code handled the open files.
Which code are you talking about?
ChrisVer said:
I know they solved the problem in the new version of their FW but my analysis is based on the old one [when I tried to update funny things happened].
What is FW?