# My question is with regard to loaded beams

1. Jul 5, 2015

### David J

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
I need to find vertical reactions, sketch the shear force and bending moment diagrams, calculate bending moments, etc

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution
This is attached, I think my answers are correct, I just need help in identifying any errors, etc

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1,179
2. Jul 5, 2015

### SteamKing

Staff Emeritus
Solving for the reactions R1 and R2 appears to be correct.

I see a problem when you start to construct your shear force diagram.

You haven't shown the shear force correctly at the location of R1 at x = 2 m, the point load 10 kN at x = 3m, and the point load 20 kN at x = 10m. For some reason, you show the correct jump in the shear force curve where R2 is located, which is why these other errors are so puzzling.

3. Jul 6, 2015

### David J

Did I forget to include the udl in the first 2 meters? The first 2 meters starts in the positive direction when it should maybe start heading in the negative direction due to the udl

4. Jul 6, 2015

### SteamKing

Staff Emeritus
The problem is not with the UDL. What happens to the shear force curve at the point where a concentrated load is located?

5. Jul 6, 2015

### David J

As quoted in my lesson :-
For a series of concentrated vertical forces on a beam, the shear force diagram consists of a series of vertical steps and horizontal lines. For a beam subjected to concentrated vertical forces and a udl, the shear force diagram will again have vertical steps but with lines of constant slope joining the steps. I guess the curve is going to react in the opposite direction to the force

6. Jul 6, 2015

### SteamKing

Staff Emeritus
As I said in a previous post above:
1. You show the correct jump in the shear force curve where R2 is located
2. You have not shown any jump in the shear force curve at the location of R1 at x = 2 m, the point load 10 kN at x = 3m, or at the point load 20 kN at x = 10m.

There should be jumps or steps in the shear force curve at any location where there is a concentrated force or reaction. It's not clear to me why you showed the step in shear force at R2, but neglected to show a step in shear force at any of the other locations where a concentrated force or reaction was located.

7. Jul 6, 2015

### David J

I have spent most of the day going back through the lessons and looking at the examples. I think the attached is correct (or close) now. I messed the first section of the SFD up

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8. Jul 6, 2015

### SteamKing

Staff Emeritus
This shear force curve looks much better.

Now, calculate the bending moment curve from it.

9. Jul 6, 2015

### David J

I am hoping this is close to correct

#### Attached Files:

• ###### Question 1c.pdf
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36
10. Jul 6, 2015

### SteamKing

Staff Emeritus
The bending moments seem to be OK, but it looks like you keep doing a lot of unnecessary calculation as you move along the length of the beam.

For example, the BM at x = 3 is equal to the BM at x = 2 + the area under the shear curve between x = 2 m and x = 3 m, thus

since BM = -10 kN-m at x = 2 m,

then the BM at x = 3 m would be BM = -10 kN-m + [(1/2)*(16.7 + 11.7)] = -10 kN-m + 14.20 kN-m = 4.2 kN-M and so on.

Since the SF curve is composed of straight lines, you are essentially calculating the area under a series of trapezoids to find the change in BM as you move along the length of the beam.