# Need help with free body diagram

1. Mar 10, 2012

### theBEAST

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
I attached a picture of the problem and I was wondering why the direction of the friction on block A is to the right. Shouldn't it be to the left because friction always opposes the direction of the acceleration (which is in this case to the right for block A)?

Thanks!

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• ###### Capture.PNG
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2. Mar 10, 2012

### BruceW

no, the friction is to the right. Your definition of friction 'opposing the direction of acceleration' is not always true. This is probably why you're having trouble. If you think about what friction does, then you can come up with a better rule for deciding the direction friction will act. (just think intuitively about it)

3. Mar 10, 2012

### theBEAST

Thanks, also is there a good way to determine whether or not the block will slide? I recall my professor teaching us one method that says that if the calculated acceleration is greater than zero when you calculate your numbers with the static friction the block will slide. However in this question I tried that and even when i plug in a coefficient of friction = 1000 the acceleration is still positive. According to my professor this means that the block will still slide. But intuitively that is impossible with such a high coefficient of friction.

Here is my work to show you what I mean, focus on the red text.

http://dl.dropbox.com/u/64325990/Photo%202012-03-10%2012%2038%2000%20AM.jpg [Broken]

Last edited by a moderator: May 5, 2017
4. Mar 10, 2012

### BruceW

That method your professor taught you is not correct for this type of question. I'm guessing that method was used for a question about a block on an incline? In any case, it is not right for this question.

Looking at your jpg, you've done pretty well so far. But it looks like you've used 44 as the mass of the cart, even though the question says the cart has 30kg mass. Anyway, apart from that it is good so far. So you've got the acceleration of the box and the acceleration of the cart. What is the next step to showing that they slide past each other?

5. Mar 10, 2012

### theBEAST

WOW you are right on! It was a block on an inclined plane. Do you know why the method only works for those kinds of problems?

As for my question, the textbook has 44 kg mass but for my homework mine is 30 kg mass. So I am guessing I am suppose to compare the acceleration of the box and cart? But this is the acceleration using static friction? Using this I found that the acceleration of the cart is 3.21 and the block is 2.94. Hmmm... I am not sure what to do next.

6. Mar 11, 2012

### BruceW

Yes, it should be calculated using the static coefficient of friction (since we are trying to see if it is possible for the block to not slip). Allright, so you've got the acceleration of the block and the cart. You can see that the acceleration of the cart is greater than the acceleration of the block. So if you imagine the situation, what will happen?

7. Mar 11, 2012

### theBEAST

Wow that makes so much sense now, the block slides backwards. Thank you so much. However I would really like to know why the method for objects on an inclined planes cannot be applied to this question.

8. Mar 11, 2012

### BruceW

Its the same principle. The inclined plane has zero acceleration, so what must be the acceleration for the block so that the block does not slip relative to the plane?

And yes, for this question, the block slides backwards. The next part of the question is to work out the time it takes the block to move 1.5m relative to the cart.

9. Mar 11, 2012

### theBEAST

Thanks for your help I got the right answer :D

However I would still like to clear up some confusion regarding the block on an inclined plane question. The tricky part to this problem is figuring out which way the acceleration is directed and thus which way the friction is directed. Here is the problem:

http://dl.dropbox.com/u/64325990/Inclined%20Plane%20Question.jpg [Broken]

The diagram I drew in this picture uses the correct acceleration which according to my professor you have to guess and see if the answers come out right.

So I decided I would attempt this problem with the acceleration in the wrong direction and see what I get. Here is my attempt, the solution above the red line is with the acceleration in the incorrect direction and below the red line is the correct direction with the correct answer:

http://dl.dropbox.com/u/64325990/Inclined%20Plane%20Solution.jpg [Broken]

NOW what I don't understand is how do you know if you chose the wrong direction for the acceleration. In my case I got a negative acceleration using the static coefficient of friction. HOWEVER, our professor said that if the acceleration is negative it just tells us that the block will not slide. So say on an exam if I wrote out the solution above the red line in the wrong direction it should be still correct? It just implies that the block does not slide.

Last edited by a moderator: May 5, 2017
10. Mar 16, 2012

### theBEAST

Does anyone know how to answer my previous question? :S