Projectile Motion Problem of a ship

In summary, an enemy ship can fire projectiles that will land at a distance of 400 m from the western shoreline if the firing angle is between -18 and 18 degrees.
  • #1
kdf8
2
0
Okay, I'm in a rut. We got a pack of physics problems from our teacher and no one knows how to go about doing them and he refuses to help us. This is the first one I've ran into major trouble with.

Here's the problem:

An enemy ship is on the east side of a mountainous island, as shown in the figure below. The enemy ship can maneuver to within 2500 m of the 1800 m high mountain peak and can shoot projectiles with an initial speed of 250 m/s. If the western shoreline is horizontally 300 m from the peak, what are the distances from the western shore at which a ship can be safe from the bombardment of the enemy ship?

physics.jpg


Sorry for such a rough hand sketch, I don't have a scanner.

I've tried working out this problem from doing my own research on projectile motion and basically I know I need to find the smallest and largest angles that will clear the mountain peak and find where those angles will cause the projectile to land, but I have no idea how to do that, equation wise. ANY help will be greatly appreciated.
 
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  • #2
Write the equations for x(t) and y(t) for the projectile in terms of the firing angle. Eliminate time from the equations to find y(x). This will be the equation of the path of the shell. It will still depend on the firing angle. What conditions must this equation satisfy for the shell to clear the mountain peak? Satisfying these conditions will determine the limiting values for the firing angle. Once you have those, calculate the range of the projectile.
 
  • #3
So would x(t) = 1800(t) + 250*1/2*g*t^2? And then solve out for t and use your t in y(t) = 250sin(theta)t - 1/2*g*t^2 and solve out for theta?
 
  • #4
kdf8 said:
So would x(t) = 1800(t) + 250*1/2*g*t^2? And then solve out for t and use your t in y(t) = 250sin(theta)t - 1/2*g*t^2 and solve out for theta?

x(t) has an initial velocity term that depends on the angle, and no acceleration. Solve the simpler x(t) equation for time in terms of x and use that expression for time in y(t) to get the equation for y(x).
 

Related to Projectile Motion Problem of a ship

1. What is projectile motion?

Projectile motion is the motion of an object that is thrown or launched into the air at an angle. In this type of motion, the object follows a curved path known as a parabola due to the influence of gravity.

2. What is the significance of studying the projectile motion of a ship?

Studying the projectile motion of a ship can help us understand how objects move through the air and how external forces, such as gravity, affect their motion. This knowledge is crucial for fields such as engineering and physics.

3. What factors affect the projectile motion of a ship?

The projectile motion of a ship is affected by several factors, including the initial velocity, angle of launch, air resistance, and the force of gravity. These factors determine the path and distance that the ship will travel.

4. How can the projectile motion of a ship be calculated?

The projectile motion of a ship can be calculated using mathematical equations that take into account the ship's initial velocity, angle of launch, and the forces acting upon it. These calculations allow us to predict the path and landing point of the ship.

5. What are some real-life applications of projectile motion of a ship?

The projectile motion of a ship has many practical applications, such as in sports like football and basketball, where players need to calculate the trajectory of a thrown or kicked object. It is also crucial in fields like artillery and ballistics, where precise calculations of projectile motion are necessary to hit a target accurately.

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