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## Homework Statement

Suppose that A, B, C are independent random variables, each being uniformly distributed over (0, 1). )

What is the probability that all the roots of the equation Ax2 + Bx + C = 0 are real?

## Homework Equations

(b) What is the probability that all the roots of the equation Ax2 + Bx + C = 0 are real? Recall that the roots of Ax2 + Bx + C = 0 are real if B2 − 4AC ≥ 0, which occurs with probability Z 1 0 Z 1 0 Z 1 min{1, √ 4ac} 1dbdcda = Z 1 0 Z min{1,1/(4a)} 0 Z 1 √ 4ac 1dbdcda = Z 1/4 0 Z 1 0 Z 1 √ 4ac 1dbdcda + Z 1 1/4 Z 1/(4a) 0 Z 1 √ 4ac 1dbdcda = Z 1/4 0 Z 1 0 (1 − 2a 1/2 c 1/2 )dcda + Z 1 1/4 Z 1/(4a) 0 (1 − 2a 1/2 c 1/2 )dcda = Z 1/4 0 c − 4 3 a 1/2 c 3/2 c=1 c=0 da + Z 1 1/4 c − 4 3 a 1/2 c 3/2 c=1/(4a) c=0 da = Z 1/4 0 1 − 4 3 a 1/2 da + Z 1 1/4 1 12 a −1 da = a − 8 9 a 3/2 a=1/4 a=0 + 1 12 log(a) a=1 a=1/4 = 5 36 + 1 12 log(4).

## The Attempt at a Solution

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.....okay, so the solution is actually listed above from this http://www.math.duke.edu/~hadams/teaching/math151win2012/Hw6Sol.pdf. I guess my problem is more the understanding of it....I get the part where it asks me the roots and I have to use the quadrilateral to get them. I don't get fully why the first integral is Z min{1,b2/(4c)} 0 Also, despite having looked it up on wolfram's, I am still not quite sure what I am supposed to do with min{}? Why does it simplify to something where the parameters of integration change? Why does it break into two separate integration's? It doesn't seem to me as though we are doing Int by Parts. I'm pretty much lost on the answer.