- #1
IPhO' 2008
- 44
- 0
When we use the Lorentz transform. We must have S,S' frame.
How can we choose S,S' frame?
How can we choose S,S' frame?
So the rest of the laws of physics that aren't my "favourites" don't have to be true to call a frame inertial?atyy said:In usual usage, S must be an inertial frame, which is defined to be one in which Maxwell's equations or your favourite laws of physics in their *standard form* are true.
Al68 said:So the rest of the laws of physics that aren't my "favourites" don't have to be true to call a frame inertial?
The Lorentz transform is a mathematical equation that describes the relationship between the coordinates of an event measured by two different observers moving at a constant velocity relative to each other. It is a fundamental concept in the theory of special relativity.
In the Lorentz transform, "S" represents the coordinates of the stationary observer and "S'" represents the coordinates of the moving observer. These coordinates are related by the Lorentz transform equation.
The Lorentz transform takes into account the fact that time is relative and can pass at different rates for observers in different reference frames. It includes a time dilation factor that accounts for the difference in time measured by the stationary and moving observers.
The speed of light, denoted as "c", plays a crucial role in the Lorentz transform as it is the maximum speed at which any information or matter can travel in the universe. The Lorentz transform ensures that the speed of light remains constant for all observers, regardless of their relative velocities.
The Lorentz transform accounts for the phenomenon of length contraction, which is the apparent shorter length of an object when observed from a different reference frame. This is due to the fact that the distance between two points in space and time is relative and can change depending on the observer's frame of reference.