Smoker Tree Diagram

1. Dec 6, 2004

dogma

Tree Diagram

Hello again!

I'm stuck and need a little push.

Referring to the diagram: out of a group of smokers, 20% are heavy smokers, 30% are light smokers, and 50% are non-smokers. A light smoker is twice as likely to die as a non-smoker but half as likely as a heavy smoker.

H: heavy smoker
L: light smoker
N: non-smoker
D: die

So, I created the tree diagram (see attached) and understand the relationship. I come up with the following.

$$P(D|L)=2P(D|N)=\frac{1}{2}P(D|H)$$

$$P(H|D)=\frac{P(H)P(D|H)}{P(D)}$$

and likewise for P(L|D) and P(N|D)

I need to figure out what P(H|D) is given the info and the tree I created.

Can someone nudge me in the right direction?

Thanks,
dogma

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Last edited: Dec 7, 2004
2. Dec 7, 2004

dogma

I think I got it…can someone check me, please?

The probability of a person being a heavy smoker given that he died:

$$P(H|D)=\frac{P(H \cap D)}{P(D)}=\frac{P(H)P(D|H)}{P(D)}$$

The probability that a person in this study dies:

$$P(D)=P(H \cap D)+P(L \cap D)+P(N \cap D)$$

$$= P(H)P(D|H)+P(L)P(D|L)+P(N)P(D|N)$$

…but since $$P(D|L)= 2P(D|N)= \frac{1}{2}P(D|H)$$

…so

$$P(D)= P(H)P(D|H)+\frac{1}{2}P(L)P(D|H)+\frac{1}{4}P(N)P(D|H)$$

…then

$$P(H|D)=\frac{P(H)P(D|H)}{ P(H)P(D|H)+\frac{1}{2}P(L)P(D|H)+\frac{1}{4}P(N)P(D|H)}$$

…the P(D|H)'s cancel out leaving a very simple equation to plug and chug

P(H|D) = 42.1%

3. Dec 10, 2004