1. Not finding help here? Sign up for a free 30min tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Special Relativity: Photon emission by a moving atom

  1. Mar 11, 2008 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    The problem involves an atom (Said to be in an excited state of energy Q_0) traveling towards a scintillation counter with speed v. The atom then emits a photon of energy Q and stops completely. The rest mass of the atom is m. I'm supposed to show that
    [tex] Q = Q_0(1+\frac{Q_0}{2mc^2}) [/tex]

    2. Relevant equations
    It's mostly just conservation of energy and momentum stuff.
    The kinetic energy of the atom is
    [tex] K = (\gamma -1)m_0 c^2 [/tex]
    I have a feeling this formula
    [tex] E^2 = (cp)^2+m_0^2c^4 [/tex]
    has to be used but I don't see where.

    3. The attempt at a solution
    What I figured I should do was to use conservation of energy and momentum. So I set up 2 equations

    [tex] Q_0 + (\gamma-1)m_0c^2 = m_0 c^2+Q [/tex] Which is the energy conservation
    [tex] \gamma\cdot m_0v = \frac{Q}{C} [/tex] and the conservation of momentum

    Which I'm pretty sure is set up alright but when I try to solve for Q I don't get anything that is simplifies to what it's supposed to be. The [tex]\gamma[/tex] and v usually get in the way and they're not supposed to be in the answer.

    Now what I tried was to just simplify the first formula, and I ended up with
    [tex]2Q_0 = 2m_c^2 + Q[/tex]
    this looks pretty reasonable but it's missing the second power on the [tex]Q_0[/tex].
     
    Last edited: Mar 11, 2008
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 11, 2008 #2

    Shooting Star

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper

    The key point to note here that the excited state of energy Q0 is in the rest frame of the atom, not the lab frame as you have considered. This energy Q0 makes the rest energy of the atom (Q0+mc^2). So, the initial energy of the system in labframe is [tex](Q0+mc^2)\gamma[/tex], and the initial momentum is [tex](Q0/c^2+m)\gamma v[/tex].

    The rest is as you have done. It's a two liner. Put c=1 to keep it neat, and put it back in the end to make it dimensionally correct.
     
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook

Have something to add?