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Homework Help: Special relativity, simultaneity

  1. Aug 15, 2010 #1

    fluidistic

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    Gold Member

    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A train of 0.8 km (measured by an observer over the train) travels at a speed of 100 km/h. Two lightnings strike simultaneously the back and the front of the train, according to an observer on the ground. What is the time separating both strikes according to the observer on the train?


    2. Relevant equations
    Lorentz transformations.


    3. The attempt at a solution
    Let O be the reference frame of the observer on the ground and O' be the frame of reference of the observer on the train.
    They give me the information [tex]x_B'-x_A'=800m[/tex] and [tex]t_B-t_A=0[/tex]. They ask me [tex]t_B'-t_A'[/tex].
    Using Lorentz transformations, I get that [tex]t_B'+\frac{vx_B'}{c^2}-t_A'-\frac{vx_A'}{c^2}=0[/tex].
    I converted the km/h to m/s and my result is that [tex]t_B'-t_A'=-2.4691358 \times 10 ^{-13}s[/tex]. It means therefore that [tex]t_A'>t_B'[/tex], thus the observer on the train sees first the strike of the lightning on the front of the train and then the one on the back of the train and their time separation is about [tex]2.4691358 \times 10 ^{-13}s[/tex].
    I don't know if it's true. To me it seems a too little time, although I realize that the train is only moving at [tex]\frac{1000m}{36s}\approx \frac{30m}{s}[/tex] which is very small compared to c. The order of the strikes seems logical to me...
    Can someone confirm/infirm my result?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Aug 15, 2010 #2

    Doc Al

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    Staff: Mentor

    Your answer is correct.
     
  4. Aug 15, 2010 #3

    fluidistic

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    Gold Member

    Ok thank you, good to know. Problem solved.
     
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