I saw "dressed molecule" in a paper about BEC, what is the meaning of it?
from "http://igitur-archive.library.uu.nl/dissertations/2007-0215-201019/index.html" [Broken] / Matheus Wilhelmus Jozef Romans - [S.l.] : [s.n.], 2007 - Doctoral thesis Utrecht University"dressed molecules are essentially two-particle states that are a superposition of a tightly bound bare molecule, and two unbound bare atoms. This description reduces to the correct paired wave-function in the two-body limit. Moreover it gives a physically correct description of all the phenomena mentioned above: the Bose-condensation of a gas near a Feshbach resonance, that contains molecules, is more correctly interpreted as a Bose-condensation of dressed molecules. The fermionic superfluid contains a condensate of bosonic pairs, normally called Cooper pairs, that can be understood as the dressed molecules. For the latter case, the dressed-molecule picture also gives an elegant characterization of the crossover between a Bose condensate of pure molecules on one side of the resonance, to a fermionic Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer superfluid on the other side. Then, the dressed molecules change continuously from being mostly a bare molecule, to being mostly a loose pair of two atoms. It is clear that the nature of the dressed molecules is much determined by the probability for it to be in the bare-molecular state.