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When is the next 13.00 Local Sidereal Time for a UK observer?

  1. May 4, 2008 #1
    When is the next "13.00 Local Sidereal Time" for a UK observer?

    Anyone with software or equations to work that out?
  2. jcsd
  3. May 5, 2008 #2
    You can work it out yourself fairly easily. When the Sun passes through your local meridian (i.e. - noon), your local sidereal time is whatever right ascension the Sun is at. Right now, the Sun is at ~2h54m. To get to 13h00m, you therefore need to wait 13:00-2:54=10:06. That would mean that 13h00m passes overhead at 12:00pm + 10:06 = 10:06pm.

    Though that presumes that your local noon, when the Sun is in the middle of the sky, is in fact 12:00pm! Depending on where you are in the timezone this may be incorrect, and you would have to add (or subtract) whatever is the difference.
  4. May 6, 2008 #3

    What star is directly above an observer at 13.00 LST? (Observer at Britain's latitude and longitude).

    Is the centre of the galaxy directly above?

    Is the centre of the galaxy in the opposite direction perhaps? (Directly below the feet of the observer).

    Is there some important star directly above (or directly below)?
  5. May 6, 2008 #4


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    Staff: Mentor

    A google for "sidereal time calculator" yields lots of hits. Here's the first: http://tycho.usno.navy.mil/sidereal.html

    According to Starry Night, the star "Phecda" and the galaxy "M109" are almost directly overhead at that time (given in the previous post) and the Milky Way is tilted roughly 30 degrees from the horizon from north to south (imagine a hula hoop around your waist, tilted up 30 degrees). The center of the Mikly Way is to the southeast, 20 degrees below the horizon. There is no named star within 10 degrees of the nadir.
    Last edited: May 6, 2008
  6. May 6, 2008 #5
    That's impressive. Thanks Russ.

    Any named star within 1 hour (+/-15 degrees) from the nadir?

    What if the observer is north or south of the UK, all the way to the equator or the north pole? Anything significant near the nadir or zenith for this observer?
  7. May 6, 2008 #6
    Do we know where the centre of the cluster that our galaxy belongs to, resides on the sky?
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