The Bachelor of Economics (BEc or BEcon) is a four-year undergraduate degree in economic theory, econometrics and applied economics;
other titles are Bachelor in Economic Sciences (B.Econ.Sc.) and Bachelor of Applied Economics.
Specialized economics degrees are also offered as a
BA (Econ),
BSc (Econ),
BCom (Econ), BSocSc (Econ);
these degrees may span three years.
The curriculum is (substantially) more theoretical and mathematical than the major in economics available generally (BBA, general BCom or BA).
Can anyone tell me what are those vortex lattices in Bose-Einstein condensates (BEC)? Images of these vortex lattices in BEC can be seen here http://www.iap.tu-darmstadt.de/fileadmin/apq/apq_teaching/apq_teaching_ws1213/GESPERRT_moderne_optik/Ketterle_Vortex_Lattices_Science.pdf. Are those...
Hi, I have some problems with visualization (I'm trying to understand Jeff Steinhauer's experiment, but my questions are general).
Why the quantum vacuum fluctuations are guaranteed by the underlying pointlike atoms composing a BEC?
And if vacuum fluctuations generate excitations (i.e...
In BEC, why do we separate the number of particles of ground state(E=0) from the integral(total number of particles) when temperature below critical temperature.
Why is the overall integral wrong while the index of sum of number of particle can be considered as continuous?
Is it correct that...
I am trying to solve for the density variation due to a single vortex. The order parameter looks like. \Psi_0(\vec{r},t)=\sqrt{n}f(\eta)e^{i(s\phi-\mu t)} where f satisfy the ODE \frac{1}{\eta}\frac{d}{d\eta}\left(\eta\frac{df}{d\eta}\right)+\left(1-\frac{s^2}{\eta^2}\right)-f^3=0 I realized...
Hello. I have asked Andrew Truscott of the Australian National University on why do lasers not manifest photon bunching like incoherent light does and BEC not manifest any atom bunching.
His e-mail reply contains an answer that is a it confusing to me. Can you explain it to me please...
I am trying to verify the results of the hybrid polariton case with the following hamiltonian, but cannot seem to verify the results in various published papers. Can someone please explain what is wrong and how to get the a similar dispersion graph? I'm solving for the eigenenergies for the...
If we pose a hypothetical universe end-state very cold, where only very low energy photons are left. Could these photons undergo a phase transition into something like a BEC?
Would they gain invariant mass if they did (become a condensate) Could someone show why this would/would not happen...
So I understand that scientists have been able to slow light to extremely low speeds using Bose-Einstein Condensates and even without them (https://physics.aps.org/story/v3/st37) and if I understand this correctly they slow light the same way water or air does; atoms absorb the photons and...
Howl et al. 2016, Quantum Decoherence of Phonons in Bose-Einstein Condensates
Anyone in the field of quantum information/quantum computation wish to comment on such an approach for building a quantum computer?
Ivette Fuentes and her group are attempting to use phonon excitations in BECs to detect gravitational waves. Their GW-detector is called MAGA, which stands for Micrometre Antenna for Gravitational-wave Astronomy. Here's a video of her explaining it:
More from their blog:
It's technically very difficult to create BEC's of atoms, using lasers to cool the atoms to near absolute zero, in a vacuum chamber, and it was only first accomplished in 1995, despite being predicted many decades before that. The atom, or molecule, BEC's so far created are, from what I've...
On Wikipedia, an article appear from which I quoted below. Here is something called Bose-Einstein correlation due to interference of wave character that I confuse with quantum entanglement.
I want to know if these BEC correlations are entangled or separable states...
http://bec.science.unitn.it/infm-bec/papers/preprints/becenc.pdf
It's in regards to expression (4)
I don't understand why the eigenvectors and eigenvalues of this operator happen to be the single particle eigenstates and the occupation numbers as they mention just below this expression.
I do...
Assuming no interactions, and the energy levels ##\epsilon_j## for a single particle state, the occupation number for this state for a system of particles is given by:
à
##n_j=\frac{1}{exp(\frac{\epsilon_j-µ}{kT}) - 1}## (1)
(Here comes argument 1)
We conclude that the maximal value that µ...
Hello everybody,
this is my first time being here. I am a beginner learning some introductions on Bose-Einstein Condensation (BEC) on my own. Often times in the literature (say, [1], [2] (p.409) ) it comes the one-body(single-particle) density matrix, as...
I'm a Junior-year physics major and I've just gotten an invitation to do some theoretical research with a couple of the professors at my school, which I'm really excited about. They're looking at Bose-Einstein condensation of molecules with electric dipole interactions, so although I get the...
Hi. I'm reading an introductory section on the Bose-Einstein condensation of a non-interacting, spinless boson gas. I'm confused by the claim that the ground state is in a coherent state with eigenvalue sqrt(N0) exp(i theta), where N0 is the expected number of particles in the ground state. The...
Hello PF. I won't just lurk around today, I will pose a question.
I was looking at a dilute ultracold bosonic gas and was trying to see how one can predict the existence of a BEC and got stuck on this:
I was comparing probabilities between finding the system in the lowest state...
Hey guys,
im currently doing some stuff on bec's and was wondering if there were any good textbooks out there in general to help be understand annihilation and creation operators, s wave scattering, Hamiltonians of dilute BEC's, Gross-Pitaevskii equation and so forth.
I was wondering I have heard scientists recently made bose-einstein condensates from mostly alkali metals.
My question is why? Why can't copper, gold or something else work?
There were proposals that dark matter might be ultra-light scalar particles in Bose-Einstein condensation phase, but the idea doesn't seem to have caught on. What are the advantages / disadvantages of this model?
What would happen if we send Free electrons in A BEC cloud? will it get destroyed because of the positrons? or will it just get compressed. please explain because i have a project that has something to do with it. i want an explanation that it is possible to send electrons in a BEC to get them...
Homework Statement
For an ideal Bose gas in a uniform gravitational field, at what temperature does Bose-Einstein condensation set in. Gas is in a container of height L.Homework Equations
Normal BEC temperature of an ideal Bose gas not under the influence of gravity is
T = \frac{h^2}{2 \pi m...
Hello, I have to do a basic presentation about BEC (for a course on "Scientific Communication") and I had a question or two:
How come there are many youtube clips of superfluidity and none of BECs? Is it wrong to consider superfluid 4He as a weakly-interacting BEC? (as I understand, a BEC is...
Researchers have for the first time managed to create a Bose-Einstein Condensate from photons:
http://www.nature.com/news/2010/101124/full/news.2010.630.html
What possibilities then arise from such a creation? What practical applications can be made from this work? I'd really like to know...
Hi, all, as the title mentioned, its a really silly idea:
A box of fermions,at any give temperature, theoretically, and occasionally, number of particles might have zero velocities due to collisions in a very short time period.
Then in this time period, (although its short, let's put it...
I studied in AMO physics. nowaday, I study about BEC.
I'm wonder, Difference between 1D lattice and 2D lattice on BEC.
In the web, they just explain what they do using that.
Maybe just short word, or sentence, give me a huge knowledge.
Thanks you, and Have a nice day!
In wikipedia, I read about BEC. so I just wonder in that articles, so I write in this page.
Adopt that article, " They did this by cooling a dilute vapor consisting of approximately
two thousand rubidium-87 atoms to below 170nK using a combination of laser cooling
and magnetic evaporative...
So this is a very novice but sincere question. I've just done a bit of reading about Bose-Einstein condensates, and the question that I immediately had was, What happens if one creates a BEC out of an isotope which is subject to radioactive decay? Would the atoms all necessarily remain in the...
Hi...
reading Landau (statystical physics part2, second chapter) I see that in a first moment he explains superfluidity simply observing the spectrum of quasi-particles... no word about BEC...
then all of a sudden in a paragraph ("wave function of the condensate")... he talks aboout...
optical diple trap is used to trap spinor bec
i have a question
why are the three different atomic internal levels feel the same shift?
To calculate the energy shift of a specific internal level, we need to find out the coupling between this level to higher levels. For different levels...
Why are we finding it so difficult to reach absolute zero and if at all we are able to achieve it then what are the implications of such a feat?
What relation does a bose einstein condensate have with absolute zero? (i know that we have achieved it but how does it happen as we lower temperatures)
What exactly does a Bose-Einstein Condensate look like with the naked eye? Is there any special about what it looks like through the optical part of the spectrum? What are the electromagnetic properties of a BEC as a whole?
While reading papers on various topics in physics i have become very embarrassed with the meaning of such a word as BEC.
Even in peer-reviewed papers i can't find any attempt to give exact definition of BEC for real gases.
For such topics as:
Electron (pair-ed, superfluid) gas, 2D (! do you...
Repulsive interactions are an attribute of Cooper Pairs, which mean that Cooper Pairs don't behave like an ideal gas . Are these the only attributes that prevent Cooper pairs to behave like an "ideal" boson? How could we show that the two superconductors of a JJ behave just like two BEC's?
This is kind of a weird question, so I'll just throw it out there. So I was talking to my mate about BEC a couple of weeks ago and he proposed an interesting idea. I was telling him how BEC was used to slow down light to 38mph, what he suggested was using this concept to move a solar sail. So...
Hi,
This latest announcement on the development of something resembling a BEC using polaritons seems interesting:
http://physorg.com/news98645866.html
http://physicsweb.org/articles/news/11/5/17/1
So I'd like to know what the implications of this development are. Could this...
Homework Statement
So the transition temperture is defined when at a given temperture the mean number of particles in the lowest state is 0. So does that imply there are tempertures where the mean value is a negative number?
The Attempt at a Solution
If not than surely at 1000k, the...
Can someone please explain to me what a Bragg point is? I can't find any information anywhere as to what this is. I'm going through an article about BEC of triplet states and it mentions Bragg point. For some reason, I have not encountered this before and would appreciate any help. Thanks.
If there was a planet and there was no real energy source near it (say like our sun) would a few stars around 100million light years away on all sides of the planet(like our stars) be enought to keep atoms on the planet moving enough to stop BEC, or would BEC occur. Also if there was only one...
From a few days I was thinking that the fifth state of matter Bose-Einstein Condensate will obey the rules of Relativity!
...if practicals have been done on that please, tell me the results that were found.:confused:
I just read a review paper on Boson-Einstein condensation for the first time. I have 2 questions.
1.Can anyone tell me why all experimental realization of BEC are done in alkali metal gas, like Na, Cs? Can the interaction between atoms be totally neglected?
2.A facinating property of BEC gas...