I'm learning Meteorology, and using the book Atmospheric Science by Wallace and Hobbs. We're discussing the kinematics of the winds (fluids). I shall post some images to say what I don't understand. This is how they define their natural coordinate system
I know and understand the concepts...
Typical box fan+air filter setups use axial consumer-grade fans designed for providing maximum air flow at low power consumption. These fans do not provide sufficient air flow at the high static pressure requirements typical of air filters. The air filters DIYers use are high Merv(e.g Merv 13)...
I’m currently studying Fluid Mechanics, during an analysis I came across this
We now consider an example that combines centrifugal force and gravity: a liquid in a drum (centrifuge) rotates with constant angular velocity ##\omega## about a vertical axis. The centrifugal force per unit of...
These are the images from Sommerfeld’s Lectures on Theoretical Physics, Vol 2 chapter 2, section 6, Equilibrium of Incompressible Fluids.
Image 1
Image 2
Doubt 1 : What does it mean for a force to act on a fluid volume? Force acts on a point, force may act on a surface but I’m unable to...
I am working on a project where I have to calculate various results relating to the motion of a water bottle rocket being launched. I am currently stuck on trying to find how long the thrust period of the rocket is. The model for the rocket is as follows: It is a 2L (0.002m3 bottle filled with...
I know how to derive the formula, but I have no idea how to actually use this. Where it says ##50~cm## wide, I'm not sure if that's in the x-direction or the z-direction. ##W##, the width in the equation, is in the z-direction. ##\mu## can be calculated, but I'm not sure what the pressure...
Summary:: In need of help determining the exhaust velocity of a rocket nozzle given temperature and propellant molar mass
Greetings and salutations! My name is Robert DeVries, world builder extraordinaire. I have come with questions in search of answers.
So for the last few days I've been...
Hello there, im trying to analyze an impeller i found at home (small one) so i can find the torque-speed graph. The thing is that i get stuck in an equation with 3 unknowns instead of 2 and i dont know what else to assume.
My approach is as follows:
I take the usual equation: ## M = \dot{m} (...
Some thoughts that I've had on the question are saying the volume flow rate (##Q##) in, must equal the volume flow rate out. If that's the case, then:
##Q_{in} = Q_{out}##
##A_1V_1=A_2V_2##
But... no areas have been given. And height doesn't enter this equation at all.
Then I thought it...
I feel there is a really obvious flaw in my logic but i cant pin it down
So i have to find the thrust on the lamina which is basically force of bauyancy
F(bouyancy)= Vρg
Now volume of the triangular lamina is its rea into its hieght.
v = Ah
hence
F = Ahρg
some information i feel i didnt...
Hi all!
I have started reading Fluid Mechanics at my own pace (no university study)
and really I would like to grasp the ideas behind it.
So I have Fluid Mechanics by Cengel - 4th edition.
At page 45 the coefficient of compressibility or bulk modulus of elasticity (κ) is introduced.
##κ =...
Homework Statement
Water is supplied at 4.50 m3/s and 415 kPa (abs) to a hydraulic turbine through a 1.0-m inside diameter inlet pipe as indicated in the figure. The turbine discharge pipe has a 1.2-m inside diameter. The static pressure at section (2), 3 m below the turbine inlet, is 25 cm Hg...
They found an underground lake on Mars last week!
Given that the lake exists and is actually liquid (and has a surface), two obvious questions come to mind:
1. Will I be able to beet my earthly current record in bouncing a pebble there?
2. If I release a pebble from a given height here and...
Hello everybody,
I hope you are doing fine. I'm currently designing an injector for a hydrogen peroxide - ethanol engine, and the following formula is confusing me:
Q = Cd * A * sqrt( 2 * dP / rho); where Cd is the discharge coefficient, A the total area, dP the pressure drop, and rho the...
Hello everybody,
This is my first post. I've been working on a liquid rocket engine for a while, but I have never gotten to work on its feed system (fluid mechanics), until recently. We are using a very simple pressure fed system, and its main goal is to deliver the propellants at a specific...
Homework Statement
I have a situation as illustrated by the image above, where the red box illustrates the CV. The pressure on the left side of CV is P1, while the pressure on the right side of CV is P2. Here I´ve directed the pressure forces acting inwards on CV. The problem arises with...
Homework Statement
[/B]
A 25-cm-diameter, 100-cm-high cylindrical container, (as shown), is partially filled with 75-cm-high liquid (density = 900 kg/m3). Determine the rotational speed at which the liquid will start spilling. Calculate the gauge pressure at the centre of the bottom of the tank...
What will be the area of common surface of two identical bubbles of radius R , i know there common surface will be flat as the radius of curvature of comman surface will tends to Infinity , but how do i relate with area of flat surface
I tried to use
Energy = Surface tension * area
And then...
Homework Statement
Can anyone please give me hard and interesting problems regarding fluid mechanics problems such as hydrostatic and air prssure bouyance force and Bernoullis equation(Bernoullis equation problems only for liquids)? I tried looking for them but the ones I found were quite...
Homework Statement
When completely hollow. To what fraction of volume should water be poured into it so that it is just enough to cause the sphere to sink. [/B]
Homework Equations
Archemedes : Buoyant fource equals weight of water displaced
The Attempt at a Solution
Let's first find the...
Homework Statement
Hydrostatic force on a plane surface ex:
Hydrostatic force on a gate:
Homework Equations
The Attempt at a Solution
why cant we just use the formula in the red box above for problem 3.57?
instead I have to use integral
I am confused, how does this gate different from a...
Homework Statement
Homework Equations
τ= η* (dv/dy)
The Attempt at a Solution
so
dA= 2π* r * dr
T = ∫ τ * r * dA
T = ∫((0.01* r* 2*π * 450 /60)/(5*10^-3) ) * r * 2π* r *dr
= (592.1762)*(r^4/4)
T = 0.11 Nm
is this correct?
I am working on problem that has to deal with a jet ejector. For the life of me, I cannot figure out the E-Balance equation for it. Below is a cut away image of the ejector. The fluid is the same so using the ideal gas law I do not think should be included. Any help is greatly appreciated...
Daniel Barton
Thread
energy balance
fluidmachanics
thermodyamics
venturi
Homework Statement
I have problem of obtaining the cross sectional area .
Homework Equations
The Attempt at a Solution
Taking section 2-3 as an example , my working is [ (3.3 +4.8) / 2 ]* 5 = 20.25 , but the ans provided is 29.28 , how to get the 29.28 ?
Homework Statement
In my book , i was told that when the drainage of surface is high then the surface runoff will be low . However , i dont think it's correct .
Homework Equations
The Attempt at a Solution
Definiton : Runoff can be described as the part of the water cycle that flows over...
Homework Statement
When a part of the channel is constricted , why will the Emin = Eo ?
Homework Equations
The Attempt at a Solution
I just have the figure showing in case 1 and case 2, Emin = Eo without any explanation ... Can someone explain about it ? I tried to search many online...
Hello everyone!
Summer is coming and instead of buying a $200-$400 air conditioner, I'd figure I could try a DIY version. I came up with a schematic (attached below) and how I think it would work. I feel like I'm missing something blatantly obvious that will make it not feasible. Wondering if...
Homework Statement
Determine the depth of the flow of channel if the best hydraulic channel is needd for composite channel in figure to convey flow rate of 6.5(m^3/s) , Manning coefficient n on bed slope are 0.015 and 0.0015 respectively .
Homework Equations
The Attempt at a Solution
I...
Is there any entropic gain when the surface of a liquid is minimised? Per example, molecules "enjoy" maximum entropy when they are at the interior. Is this valid?
I am graduate student from structural mechanics of solids and need to learn 1 course from fluids and thermal group which includes fluid mechanics or thermodynamics+heat transfer. I am unsure which one would be better to learn, especially which would be helpful in future for solid mechanics. Can...
Homework Statement
A block floats partially submerged in a container of liquid. When the entire container is accelerated upward, which of the following happens? Assume that both the liquid and the block are incompressible.
A) The block descends down lower into the liquid.
B) The block does...
1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known d
At what speed, the velocity head of water is equal to pressure head of 40 cm of Hg?
(1) 10.32 m/s
(2) 2.8 m/s
(3) 5.6 m/s
Homework Equations
v^2/2g = p/rho*g (velocity head= pressure head).
The Attempt at a Solution
since pressure head...
I am intending to design a CD nozzle that produces 20mN thrust under atmospheric conditions.
The reservoir pressure will be 1.4 bar, and the ambient pressure will be 1 bar. The other variables are adjustable. This will in the end be sent out for fabrication.My process is as follow,
May I know...
I am not a mechanical engineer; but I have physics background.
I want to lift about 250 watts of heat from a metal block.
At the same time I have to maintain its temperature at 30 deg Cel.
For this I want to use water-air heat exchanger (HE).
Heat exchanger will have inlet & outlet pipes. Hot...
I am interested in conducting a research project involving the design of a tool to aid astronauts to perform experiments on lunar surfaces (for the NASA Micro-g NExT student challenge), but I do not know appropriate key words or questions to ask to begin my research. The specific scenario of...
1. Imagine a big river with water flowing constant velocity , assume there is a whirlpool at center as shown in the figure.
2. Because of the magnus force the whirlpool should move towards left or right towards river bank depending on the spin, but it does't happens it just stays fine in its...
Hi all I am conducting a fluid analysis on water flowing through a subsea pipe.
Having used navier stokes equation, i derived the equation for velocity in the r-direction (using cylindrical coordinates.
But when initially solving the energy equation to determine temperature distribution I...
for static fluids we have studied that p=patm +density*g*depth.
and this equation is derived from newton's laws,but in fbd why didn't we consider the force exerted by curved surface area of container,it doesn't cancel out when containers are in frustrum shape.and the vertical components add up...
Hello everyone;
My question is regarding to velocity effect on transducer diaphragm. When fluid flow is acting to differential pressure transducer's diaphragm, the diaphragm is osculating(vibrating) and there will be fluid flow which is transverse(opposite flow,back flow) to normal fluid flow...
So I was reading about Vortices in Wikipedia, when I stumbled upon the explanation about Irrotational Vortices.
It states there that in Irrotational vortices, the fluid's flow velocity u, is inversely proportional to the distance r, from the vortex's axis.
Then, at the end of the...
Hello Guys,
I have a disk of diameter of 150mm and thickness of 10mm which is rotating at the constant speed of 100rpm. The disk is inside water which is approximately 4-5 cm below the surface. Disk is horizontal (parallel to the water surface). Disk is attached with the shaft of the motor. At...
What happens when you have more than one hole in a vessel containing liquid?
Can you help me finding the velocities at different holes if they are at some height from level of liquid at a particular instant?
I know what happens when you put a small hole in a tank containing liquid at a height h...
I am about to graduate with an aerospace engineering degree. I am planning to go into grad school for Applied physics(probably plasma physics), which I find very interesting. But the main reason I joined the aerospace degree was because I was interested in CFD. But since I could't land any...
Dear Friends,
I need some ideas on a problem I am facing at work. I have attached a sheet with has a rough picture of scenario. I urge you to please keep open the picture while reading my problem.
Problem:- There is a small wall in a water stream. Due to the small wall the water stream upside of...