What is Magnetic induction: Definition and 81 Discussions
Electromagnetic or magnetic induction is the production of an electromotive force across an electrical conductor in a changing magnetic field.
Michael Faraday is generally credited with the discovery of induction in 1831, and James Clerk Maxwell mathematically described it as Faraday's law of induction. Lenz's law describes the direction of the induced field. Faraday's law was later generalized to become the Maxwell–Faraday equation, one of the four Maxwell equations in his theory of electromagnetism.
Electromagnetic induction has found many applications, including electrical components such as inductors and transformers, and devices such as electric motors and generators.
I can find the magnetic induction vector of the first conductor at a given point using the formula (its 6,667*10^-7 Tl) but I don’t understand what needs to be done with the second conductor. I have come across similar problems in which, however, the distance from the second conductor to the...
I know I should use a limit $$B=\lim_{r\to l}{\frac{\mu}{4\pi}\cdot \frac{4rml}{{\left({r}^2-l^2\right)}^2}},$$,but in Wolfram I get a weird solution. https://www.wolframalpha.com/input?i2d=true&i=Limit[Divide[4rl,Power[\(40)Power[r,2]-Power[l,2]\(41),2]],r->l]
What is the solution? It...
Summary:: I've found an exercise about sparks caused by back emf. The exercise is based on a mathematical model of the current flowing in the circuit around the time when the switch is closed.
I'm wondering to what extend that model is realistic
The exercise I'm referring to proposes this...
Summary:: A planar condensator with the distance between the plates d, is moving with velocity V. The charge fidderence is U. Find the magnetic induction B, between the plates during the motion
I have solved this problem, but I am not sure about the solution, can anyone, please, tell me if I...
Consider the static field configuration shown in the image. There are three layers: 0 = vacuum, 1 = magneto-optic fluid and 2 = covering shell. Each of these layers have their own permittivity and permeability (ε_i,μ_i) (isotrope). A uniform electric field H_0 = H_0/sqrt(2) * (e_x + e_y) is...
Homework Statement
A current of 50A flows through a copper wire of diameter 0.5 * 10-2m. The magnetic induction on its surface will be:
A)4*102T B)4*10-2 C) 4*10-3 D)none of these
Homework EquationsThe Attempt at a Solution
I just want to verify my solution, as the answer keys are currently...
Homework Statement
A particle of charge -q and mass m enterd magnetic field B at A with speed v1 at an angle alpha and leaves the field at C with v2 at angle beta.Then,
a)alpha=beta
b)v1=v2
c)particle remains in the field for time t=(2m(pi-alpha))/qB
d)All of these
Please see image below...
Hi,
I am interested in the basics of goalref technology however there is not many material out there.
What i want to know is why does the magnetic fields have to be low frequency? and how does it detect if the ball has fully crossed the line? And lastly what is the purpose of the coils...
Hi,
I studied the Maxwell laws and the Biot Savart law and I found something I cannot answer.
If you have a finite wire carrying current (let say 5m long) and you want to determine the magnetic induction vector due to it at some point that has distance r from the wire, you have 2 options I...
Homework Statement
A current I(t)= (0,160 A s^{-3}) t^3 flows through an ideal solenoid with a turns density n = 9,00 \cdot 10^{-3} m^{-1} and a cross sectional area A_s=2,00\cdot 10^{-4} m^2
A single loop of wire has the same axis as the solenoid, but its radius is larger. That is: the loop...
Homework Statement
There is a magnetic field B=0.02 Tesla and its direction is toward the plane (perpendicular to plane, shown by X X X X X - I'm not sure how to say this direction in English,sorry). we have a copper wire (uniform bar) perpendicular to magnetic field from south to north. we...
Homework Statement
Three very long parallel conductors situated in the air make a direct-symmetrical 3-Phase system. The conductors pass through the A B C points of the triangle of side ##a##. The currents in the conductor form a direct-symmetrical 3-Phase system. Effective values of currents...
Suppose there is a coil around a C-shaped iron core with a dipole magnet in the gap as shown in the dynamo below. As the magnet is spinning, in order to oppose the force, a changing pole is produced in the iron. (Eg. As N-pole approaches the iron core, a north pole is induced to oppose the...
Homework Statement
Homework EquationsThe Attempt at a Solution
I think that is taylor series expansion, How that can be expanded right that? even b0, b1 ... is not a differential term.
The solution just use b(z) = Bz(0,z)
Homework Statement
Homework EquationsThe Attempt at a Solution
This is what i did about (a)
but i don't know how to approach (b), it doesn't have x,y components, only Bz component.
Homework Statement
Homework EquationsThe Attempt at a Solution
For cii), the answer is:
Yes. When the rod moves down, it moves across the horizontal field, cutting field lines. A current will be induced to oppose the motion. The magnetic force due to the motion is vertically upward.
But I...
Homework Statement
A closed wire loop in the form of a square of side 4 cm is placed with its plane perpendicular to a uniform magnetic field, which is increasing at the rate of 0.3 T s-1. The loop has negligible inductance, and a resistance of 2 * 10-3 Ω. Calculate the current induced in the...
Homework Statement
After you close the switch, There will be an induced current in the resistance R, Choose one of the following:
Direction of current ... magnitude of current
A to B ... decreasing
A to B ... increasing
B to A decreasing
B to A... Increasing
Homework Equations
Faraday's law...
I don't understand why electron moves this way... e.g. A light object (crampled paper) going down until gets hit by the wind will go parallel (at least a few seconds) to the wind direction ... why not with electron?
What exactly is happening to the electrons inside the wire while it is moving quickly downwards within the Magnetic field?
Why do electrons move in one direction if the wire is being push down?
I don't care what direction electrons move... I want to know WHY they move in one direction?
Hi,
I am interested in the basics of "goal ref technology", but I was not able to find a lot of material. Just one very brief wikipedia page and some paragraphs at the http://www.iis.fraunhofer.de/en/ff/kom/proj/goalref.html#.
Does this work a bit like the anti shoplifting RFID tags?
As far...
Homework Statement
Hello, I have this problem:
Four long straight parallel wires are placed in vacuum according to the picture, the distance between each wire is a = 20 cm. Through each wire flows electric current I = 20 A in the specified direction. What is the size and direction of magnetic...
Homework Statement
Homework Equations
I am not really good at this topic, but I think you would need both the right hand rules (one that involves finding direction of current via magnetic field as well as the one for finding magnetic force)
The Attempt at a Solution
So I drew out magnetic...
Homework Statement
I have attached a picture that details the problem. This is my practice test and I have no clue what I am doing wrong. Essentially a loop of wire is moving in constant velocity into a magnetic field. The magnetic field lines are pointing into the page. The problem is...
Homework Statement
Three parallel wires are put in the angles of an equilateral triangle with sides 14 cm. The values of the currents are 10A,10A, 20A and the first and third are in different directions. Find the magnetic induction in the center of the triangle
Homework Equations
B=I*μ0/2*pi*d...
Homework Statement
In a wire passes the current I=21A. A part of the wire is bent to form three consecutive sides of a square with sides 40 cm. Find the induction of the magnetic field in the point O which is the center of the square.
Homework Equations
B=I*μ0*/2*pi*d
The Attempt at a Solution...
Homework Statement
In the below figure, magnetic field is decreasing at a rate of 1.5T/s in a circular region of radius 2m. EMF developed in the rod will be?
Homework Equations
$$V_{\text{induced}}=-A\frac{\mathrm{d}B}{\mathrm{d}t}$$
The Attempt at a Solution
I tried using induced electric...
From Faraday's law of induction we know if we have a coil with ac current it will create ac current to other coil placed within magnetic field. My question is if one coil is in water and another coil is in air how I can calculate the induced emf?
I was thinking about buying these new wireless earbuds called DASH. They are made by a kickstarter company Bragi. They recently told us that in order to connect both earbuds together and also connect it to a device using bluetooth they needed to use magnetic induction. I was wondering what that...
Homework Statement
In the system shown in the picture, there's a current whose constant density is J=0,5A/mm^2. System contains two pieces as shown in the picture, in the area where two pieces intersect, there's no current. If R=1mm and a=1,25mm (a - distance between centers of the circles)...
Homework Statement
There is a counterclockwise current I in a circular loop of wire situated in an external magnetic field directed out of the page as shown. The effect of the forces that act on this current is to make the loop
Select one:
a. expand in size X
b. contract in size
c...
Homework Statement
I am stuck on 2 and 3.
I attached all the problems and variable and unknownsHomework Equations
I attached my work for 1, 2, and 3. I'm not sure if it is right though. [/B]The Attempt at a Solution
Can someone check my work for problems 1, 2, 3 and 4?
The equations...
Alright, I need to put my question in the context of the probably ubiquitous example of a conductor rod moving perpendicularly over a magnetic field to generate an emf between the two sides of the rod. That emf is equal to BLv (magnetic field, length, velocity) according to my book(studying for...
Homework Statement
long wire of radius R0 carries a current density j given by
Find the magnetic induction B inside and outside the wire.
Homework Equations
Current density: ##J=\frac{I}{A}##
Ampere's law: ##\oint B.dl = \mu_0 I_{enc}##
The Attempt at a Solution
For the magnetic field...
Homework Statement
A very long u-shape conducting wire is placed vertically in a constant magnetic field. The magnetic field is perpendicular to the plane of the wire. The strength of the magnetic field is B = 0.9 tesla. A conducting rod is placed on the wire, as shown in the picture. The...
Homework Statement
A metal rod (1/sqrt(pi)) m long rotates about one of its ends in a plane perpendicular to magnetic induction of 5*10^-3 T. Calculate the number of revolutions made by the rod if EMF induced between the ends of the rod is 1.5 mV.
I have been thinking about this problem for...
Homework Statement
A bar magnet is moved between 2 coaxial coils A and B as shown in the figure.The end planes of the two coaxial coils facing the magnet due to induction will behave?
Homework Equations
The Attempt at a Solution
My solution:
It will induce south pole in A and B...
Homework Statement
I would appreciate some help with the following problem:
http://img407.imageshack.us/img407/7647/questionb.jpg
Homework Equations
This is an equation derived from Biot-Savart law:
B= \frac{\mu_0 I}{4 \pi s} \int^{\theta_2}_{\theta_1} cos \theta d \theta =...
hi everyone iam happy to join physics forums
i 'd like to ask a question about magnetic induction
if i have a current carrying wire(connected to a battery=V) of length (L)& of intensity (I) & perpendicular to a uniform magnetic field(B) then a force act on it (F=LIB)
so when it moves...if it...
Hi there. I have a current I running throught a tesla spiral coil, and I have to compute the magnetic field at the center of it. The tesla coil has N turns, and an inner radius a, and outer radius b.
This is the tesla spiral coil:
The courrent enters through the outer cable, and goes out...
Hi,
I've been thinking about the shape of the voltage waveform induced by a magnet falling through a coil. I know (both intuitively and from empirical experience) that the voltage should become increasingly positive as the magnet approaches the coil, then it should decrease rapidly...
new guy here with a simple magnetic theory question.
if i were to coil 10 turns of insulated wire around an 1/8" round x 1" long neodymium magnet, then wire it in parallel to a second magnet with 20 turns of the same gauge wire, what kind of change could i exspect in the second magnets field...
Hello, I wasn't really sure as to where to post this, since it kinda doesn't really fit in with the listed categories, but I have a question. I work at a chem lab that specializes in Non-Destructive testing, and I am also minoring in Non-Destructive testing in college. In the engineering...
We have 2 solenoids : S1 and S2
The coils are wind up as close as they can get and both have length L.
They are both made from the same material and have the same length.
They are both connected to a DV source.
S2 has a wire with a double diameter
The ratio between B1 and B2 then is?
I...
Homework Statement
http://i.imgur.com/j3uzQ.png" to screenshot of question
Homework Equations
The "Integral Form" the question refers to is the http://upload.wikimedia.org/math/0/3/1/0311484f33c932135c09ab12ca8d1a29.png"
The Attempt at a Solution
The hint hasn't really helped me...