rigid body rotation Definition and Topics - 8 Discussions

In the physical science of dynamics, rigid-body dynamics studies the movement of systems of interconnected bodies under the action of external forces. The assumption that the bodies are rigid (i.e. they do not deform under the action of applied forces) simplifies analysis, by reducing the parameters that describe the configuration of the system to the translation and rotation of reference frames attached to each body. This excludes bodies that display fluid, highly elastic, and plastic behavior.
The dynamics of a rigid body system is described by the laws of kinematics and by the application of Newton's second law (kinetics) or their derivative form, Lagrangian mechanics. The solution of these equations of motion provides a description of the position, the motion and the acceleration of the individual components of the system, and overall the system itself, as a function of time. The formulation and solution of rigid body dynamics is an important tool in the computer simulation of mechanical systems.

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  1. Abhishek11235

    Euler Equations for Dynamics of rigid body

    I have been studying the dynamics of free top from Morin's book. In his book when describing the dynamics,he writes down the equation of motion as shown in screenshot. However,I am not able to understand which term refers to which coordinate system. For eg: Here ##\omega## refers to angular...
  2. G

    A How can I find the collision time of 2 ellipsoids that rotate

    I have 2 ellipsoids: Ax^2/a^2+Ay^2/b^2+Az^2/c^2=1; (*a,b,c>0 constants*) Bx^2/a^2+By^2/b^2+Bz^2/c^2=1; Ellipsoid A rotates around axis [wax;way;waz] (unit vector) with an infinite speed; Ellipsoid B rotates around axis [wbx;wby;wbz] (unit vector) with an infinite speed; [Dx;Dy;Dz] is the vector...
  3. Delta2

    Rigid body with center of rotation other than CoM

    Suppose we have a rigid body that rotates around a point P other than its center of mass, with point P being a point of the rigid body. This implies that there are external forces to the rigid body. If the external forces cease to exist(like we have an axis passing through P and we suddenly...
  4. Tazerfish

    I Can every shape precess like a top (toy)?

    The main question is in the title. 1.I have wondered if a regular pencil would precess and rotate stable for multiple seconds if spun fast enough. [Coins, plates, bowls and similarly shaped objects can rotate in a stable way for extended periods of time. And a lot of other household objects...
  5. S

    Component of angular momentum perpendicular to rotation axis

    Homework Statement Consider the rigid body in the picture, rotating about a fixed axis z not passing through a principal axis of inertia, with an angular velocity \Omega that can vary in magnitude but not in direction. Find the angular momentum vector and its component parallel to z axis (...
  6. Narwhalest

    Moment of thin Rod at pivot when acted upon by a Force

    This is of my own interest/ practice. Homework Statement A thin rod (of width zero, but not uniform) is pivoted freely at one end about the horizontal z axis , being free to swing in the xy plane (x horizontal, y vertically down). Its mass is m and its CM is a distance a from the pivot. The...
  7. hackhard

    Rotation of a rigid body about external axis

    in the figure a rigid body - a circle- is moving such that its centre is moving in a circular path but the orientation of the body is fixed with respect to the centre of the body (the circle). According to def of rotion of rigid body - Rotation of a rigid body about a fixed axis is defined as...
  8. I

    What happens when you rotate a rigid body

    Hi, I have a question about rigid body rotation. If I have a rod out in space in free float and I attach a battery powered fan to center of mass and then the fan is turned on to spin in a clockwise direction, then the rod should spin in a counterclockwise direction. This much I...