2002 AP Exam: Lab Situation w/Density and Springs

In summary, you are given a cylindrical beaker containing a fluid and you are asked to determine the density ρ of the fluid. You are to use a spring of negligible mass and unknown spring constant k attached to a stand. An irregularly shaped object of known mass m and density D(D>>ρ) hangs from the spring. You may also choose among the following items to complete the task.
  • #1
rvhockey
11
0
In the laboratory, you are given a cylindrical beaker containing a fluid and you are asked to determine the density ρ of the fluid. You are to use a spring of negligible mass and unknown spring constant k attached to a stand. An irregularly shaped object of known mass m and density D(D>>ρ) hangs from the spring. You may also choose among the following items to complete the task.

1. A metric ruler
2. A stopwatch
3. String.

a)explain how you could experimentally determine the spring constant k.

b)the spring-object system is now arranged so that the object (but none of the spring) is immersed in the unknown fluid. Describe any changes that are observed in the spring-object system and explain why they occur.

c)Explain how you could experimentally determine the density of the fluid.

d)Show explicitly, using equations, how you will use your measurements to calculate the fluid density ρ. Start by identifying any symbols you use in your equations.




Fspring = -kx
density = m/V




I know you're supposed to try the problem or you won't get help, but I have absolutely no idea where to go with this one. I have never done a lab like this, and I don't want anyone to do it for me, I just need a push in the right direction.
 
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  • #2
You should at least try to answer a first. It's fairly obvious. Imagine haning the spring vertically and then attaching the mass to it. What happens?
 
  • #3
well in that case for a you would just hang the mass from the spring, measuring the length of x before and after hanging the mass, calculate F (Mg) then divide F by x to get k. But I thought you would need at least a trial to get an accurate one?
 
  • #4
how about the rest of the problem? still lost
 

1. What is the purpose of the 2002 AP Exam: Lab Situation w/Density and Springs?

The purpose of this exam is to test students' understanding of density and springs, and their ability to apply these concepts in a laboratory setting. This exam also assesses students' critical thinking and problem-solving skills.

2. What topics are covered in the 2002 AP Exam: Lab Situation w/Density and Springs?

The exam primarily focuses on density and springs, including topics such as calculating density, determining the spring constant, and analyzing springs in series and parallel. It may also cover related concepts such as buoyancy and Hooke's law.

3. What are the format and structure of the 2002 AP Exam: Lab Situation w/Density and Springs?

The exam consists of a lab situation or scenario, followed by a series of multiple-choice and free-response questions. The lab situation presents a real-world problem that students must solve using their understanding of density and springs. The questions may require calculations, data analysis, and written explanations.

4. How should I prepare for the 2002 AP Exam: Lab Situation w/Density and Springs?

To prepare for this exam, it is important to have a strong understanding of the concepts of density and springs, as well as related topics such as measurement and data analysis. Practice solving similar problems and familiarize yourself with the format of the exam. You may also want to review your lab notes and any relevant textbook material.

5. How is the 2002 AP Exam: Lab Situation w/Density and Springs scored?

The multiple-choice questions are scored by a computer, while the free-response questions are scored by trained AP teachers. The total score for this exam is out of 100 points, with 60% of the score coming from the multiple-choice questions and 40% coming from the free-response questions. The scores are then converted to a 5-point scale, with 5 being the highest score.

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