(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

Consider a monatomic ideal gas that lives in a two-dimensional universe (“flatland”), occupying an area A instead of a volume V.

(a)

By following the logic of the derivation for the three-dimensional case, show that the multiplicity of this gas can be written:

[tex] \Omega = \frac{1}{N!}\frac{A^N}{h^{2N}}\frac{\pi^N}{N!}(2MU)^N [/tex]

(b)

Find an expression for the entropy of this two-dimensional gas. Express your result in terms of U, A and N.

2. Relevant equations

N/A

3. The attempt at a solution

I have practically finished part a, with one small exception. for the pi fraction, I have 2pi instead of pi???

Some of my working out:

The space multiplicity:

[tex] \Omega_{space} = (\frac{A}{(\Delta x)^2})^N [/tex]

The multiplicity of momentum:

[tex] \Omega_{mom} = (\frac{A_{hypercircle}}{(\Delta p_x)})^{2N} [/tex]

[tex] \Omega_{mom} = (\frac{A_{hypercircle} ^{2N}}{(\Delta p_x^{2N})}) [/tex]

The total multiplicity is the multiple:

[tex] \Omega = \Omega_{space}\Omega_{mom} [/tex]

[tex] \Omega = ((\frac{A}{(\Delta x)^2})^N )(\frac{A_{hypercircle} ^{2N}}{(\Delta p_x^{2N})} ) [/tex]

This can be rearranged, and using Heisenberg's Uncertainty princeple, [tex] \Delta x \Delta p_x \approx h [/tex]

this gives:

[tex] \Omega = \frac{A^N A_{hypercircle}}{h^{2N}} [/tex]

For indistinguishable particles:

[tex] \Omega = \frac{1}{N!}\frac{A^N}{h^{2N}}A_{hypercircle} [/tex]

Area of hypercircle:

[tex] \frac{2\pi^N}{(N - 1)!}{\sqrt{2mu}^{2N-1}} [/tex]

and using approximations:

[tex] \Omega = \frac{1}{N!}\frac{A^N}{h^{2N}}\frac{2\pi^N}{N!}{2mu^N} [/tex]

As you can see, close, just that annoying 2...

Any ideas how to get rid of it???

Thanks in advanced,

TFM

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# Homework Help: A monatomic gas in a 2d Universe - multiplicity

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