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Are cofactors consumed in the reaction?

  1. Jul 13, 2010 #1
    Hello everyone,

    I have a quick clarification. Enzymes are not consumed in the reaction but cofactor like NAD+ is consumed in reaction right. So does NAD+ first bind to the enzyme and then get reduced in certain reactions? Thanks :smile:
  2. jcsd
  3. Jul 13, 2010 #2


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    "Cofactor" really means anything that's not an amino acid which is bound to the enzyme and required for it to function. A cofactor like NAD+/NADH usually participates as an electron acceptor/donor in the reaction, so it's part of the reaction.
    On the other hand a metal ion might just sit in the protein and coordinate to a couple of negatively charged ligands and have a purely structural role, with no participation at all. And the cytochrome cofactors in Cytochrome C Oxidase participate in the reaction, but act as catalysts and aren't consumed.

    So 'cofactor' doesn't imply anything about whether or not it plays a role in the reactivity.
  4. Jul 14, 2010 #3
    Ok thanks :smile:
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