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Atomic energy levels Silicon

  • #1

Homework Statement


Silicon has the configuration [Mg] ##3p^2##.
Explain why there are more L, S, J levels for the ##3p4p## configuration
than in the ##3p^2## configuration.

Homework Equations




The Attempt at a Solution


My thought is because in the ##3p^2## subshell you have less variations of ##M_l## and ##M_s## because both electrons cannot have the same quantum numbers, wheres with the ##3p4p## level, they could both have ##M_l=+1## and ##M_s=+1## because the ##n## the principle quantum number is different?
 
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Answers and Replies

  • #2
DrClaude
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My thought is because in the ##3p^2## subshell you have less variations of ##M_l## and ##M_s## because both electrons cannot have the same quantum numbers, wheres with the ##3p4p## level, they could both have ##M_l=+1## and ##M_s=+1## because the ##n## the principle quantum number is different?
You're on the right track. But there are more states than just the one you cited (##M_l=+1## and ##M_s=+1##).
 
  • #3
Yes, i understand that there would twice (?) as many states in the excited level because the electrons would be free to have any ##m_l## or ##m_s##, but the states for the ##3p^2## level are restricted by the Pauli principle.
 
  • #4
DrClaude
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3,296
Yes, i understand that there would twice (?) as many states in the excited level because the electrons would be free to have any ##m_l## or ##m_s##, but the states for the ##3p^2## level are restricted by the Pauli principle.
Not twice, because it is only the states where the two electrons have the same spin in the same orbital that have to be discarted. But I think you get the idea.
 
  • #5
Ah okay thankyou!
 

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