# Calculation of absorption spectra

1. Jul 13, 2018

### roam

I am trying to plot the absorption curve of a given sample using some spectrophotometric data. The data that I've collected are transmittance $T$ and reflectance $R$ – the ratios of transmitted and reflected light power to incident light power. However, using two different methods I got two very different answers:

(1) When radiation impinges on a material, we know that:

$$R+A+T=1 \tag{1}$$

Therefore, if we have obtained $R$ and $T$ using a spectrophotometer, then we can simply solve for $A$ and plot the results.

(2) Most textbooks define absorbance (sometimes called optical density, OD) as:

$$A=\log_{10}\left(\frac{1}{T}\right) \tag{2}$$

If we know $T$ using a spectrophotometer then we can plot absorption using Eq. 2.

Here are my results from both methods. The top curve is calculated using Eq. 1 (dashed/dotted lines are $T$ and $R$). The bottom curve was calculated using Eq. 2 (but the answer had to be multiplied by 100 so that it appears as a percentage).

So, which is the correct method and why?

Also, using the second approach we get negative values for absorption (on the ordinate of the graph). How is this usually solved in the post-processing?

Any suggestions would be greatly appreciated.

2. Jul 13, 2018

### Lord Jestocost

3. Jul 14, 2018

### roam

I see. So to plot an absorption spectrum one has to use absorptance (Eq. 1)?

Clearly, absorptance gives the actual amount that is deposited in the material (absorption) by subtracting all the transmitted/reflected/scattered light. I know that absorbance (Eq. 2) is derived by assuming an exponential attenuation. This quantity is described (e.g. in your link) as the density of the material or the amount of attenuation the light receives. Which method would be more appropriate for comparing the absorption characteristics of two different samples?

4. Jul 15, 2018

### Lord Jestocost

I would always prefer to compare "internal absorbances". The internal absorbance Aint is related to the internal transmittance Tint by
Aint = - log10(Tint).
The internal transmittance is defined as the ratio of the radiant power transmitted by the sample to the incident radiant power, fully corrected for reflection losses and any window absorption. Regarding the spectroscopic nomenclature have a look at Applied Spectroscopy Spectroscopic Nomenclature - SAGE Publishing

Last edited: Jul 15, 2018