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Change guitar string tension

  • Thread starter Drizzy
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  • #1
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Homework Statement


You have a ukulele and you change the strings tension so that it becomes tighter. First the frequency was 431 Hz and after we tightened the string the frequency. how much bigger does the force have t be to get that frequency?

Homework Equations



PA*V^2 = F (P = density, A = area)
V=f*lambda

The Attempt at a Solution


F2 = PA V2=PAf22 * lambda2
F1 = PA V2=PAf12 * lambda2
Then i divided F2 by F1 and I got:
f22/f12
which equals to 1,06. My answer is 6 precent bigger.

So my questions are: can I assume that lambda is going to remain the same? Is my solution correct?
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
haruspex
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If lambda here represents the wavelength of the wave in the string, yes you can assume it remains the same. The string length did not change, and we are only interested in the fundamental.
You seem to have omitted the new frequency from the problem statement.
 
  • #3
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Sorry, the new frequency is 444Hz. Why can we assume that? That was my initial thought but then I thought wouldn't the wavelength differ if the string is tighter?
 
  • #4
haruspex
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Sorry, the new frequency is 444Hz. Why can we assume that? That was my initial thought but then I thought wouldn't the wavelength differ if the string is tighter?
What is the equation relating the wavelength of the nth harmonic to the length of the string?
 
  • #5
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it is l=n*lambda/2
 
  • #6
haruspex
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it is l=n*lambda/2
Right. So if we are only interested in the fundamental, that fixes n as 1. And the length l of the string does not change. So what does that tell you about lambda?
 

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