# Class 2 Lever - Calculating the lower lifting effort as the load is lifted higher on a fulcrum

Hi,

I essentially have a class 2 lever, which holds an unevenly spread load. The lever itself (platform) is however an even weight throughout its length (except for the odd RSJ I've welded in for strength). This is an OLD machine, and hence we're going to build a bigger, stronger and higher capacity machine.

I've done a beam schematic and calculated the required effort to hold the platform with uneven weight in equilibrium. Which I think / hope is right. See below:

So 11 meters from the fulcrum will be the effort, which I've calculated needs to be 322.9kN for equilibrium.

Now below is the bit I'm slightly unsure of. I need to calculate the effort required to maintain equilibrium at different angles of the lift. And I presume as the angle of the lever increases the required effort reduces as the centre of gravity is essentially being shifted closer to the fulcrum? See below.

What would be the best method used to calculate this?

Thanks,
Jim

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JBA
Gold Member
I believe you have misstated in your post text that the length to the effort point is 11 meters; when, your diagram indicates that length is 22 meters. Which value is correct?

11 meters is correct. Sorry that’s my hand writing.

BvU
Homework Helper
Do the load forces remain perpendicular to the platform when the angle increases ? (you designate them 'weights' and weights usually do maintain their direction)

The movable weight (I think that's right - pull of gravity on an object) is simply resting on the platform and stopped from moving by a beam near to the fulcrum. This beam is perpendicular to the platform at all times.

With regards to the load forces, as the platform rises I would assume that these forces are not perpendicular to the platform as they are when the platform is at 0 degrees (my second diagram force direction could be wrong). Reason being as the platform angle increases, gravity is pulling the load down towards the fulcrum. My thinking is that with platform angle increase the center of gravity of the weight is shifting closer to the fulcrum in a horizontal plane. So the higher the angle, the less effort is required to lift.

Only comparison I can think of is a wheelbarrow full of stone with a lid on it. The initial lift from flat is tough, but as the angle gets higher it becomes easier until it reaches over-center.

Hope this makes sense.

Thanks again

Tom.G
Gold Member
Well, since the problem is only partially defined, here is a partial answer.
IF the "Effort" stays perpendicular to the beam, then the force varies as the Cosine of the elevation angle.

If "Effort" does not stay perpendicular to the beam, you will have to account for the angle between "Effort" and the beam.
I'll leave that aspect to the other folks here!

Cheers,
Tom

(78.4*4)+(78.4*5.3)+(78.4*6.6)+(147.15*6.5)+(107.9*12.5) = 3551.785

Lets, just assume the effort is perpendicular to the load, with the platform @ 48.2 degrees:

(3551.785 * cos(48.2)) / 11 = 215kN effort required as opposed to 322.9kN @ 0 degrees.

In reality the effort would not be perpendicular:

((3551.785 * cos(48.2)) / sin(67.28)) / 11 = 233.3kN required to lift platform @ 48.2 degrees with an effort applied @ 67.28 degrees.

Am I on the right track?

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Can anyone confirm the above is correct?

BvU