# Complex functions, (z+i)^5 + (z-i)^5

## Homework Statement

solve

(z+i)^5 + (z-i)^5 = 0

## The Attempt at a Solution

I have found the five possible values for z by expanding the original expression into powers of z and i. The imaginary terms cancel exactly, leaving a cubic equation in z which is easily solvable as one of its roots is z=0.
The answers quote the solutions as z = cot[pi(1 + 2n)/10], n = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4. The values I obtained are z=0, z^2=5+sqrt(20), z^2=5-sqrt(20).

My answers are roots of the equation, but the way that the solutions are written suggests that there is a (probably neater) method than the one I used which uses trigonometry. Can anyone see it?

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lanedance
Homework Helper
so you did as follows, to get to a quadratic equation in z^2?
(z+i)^5 = z^5 + 5z^4i + 10z^3i^2 + 10z^2i^3 + 5zi^4 + i^5
(z-i)^5 = z^5 - 5z^4i + 10z^3i^2 - 10z^2i^3 + 5zi^4 - i^5

(z+i)^5 + (z-i)^5 = 2z^5 + 20z^3i^2 + 10zi^4
= 2z^5 - 20z^3 + 10z
= 2z(z^4 - 10z^2 + 5)

yes, exactly that.

lanedance
Homework Helper
another way to look at it could be
(z+i)^5 = -(z-i)^5
(z+i)^5 = (i-z)^5

but not too sure where to go from here...

might be worth writing cot[pi(1 + 2n)/10] in terms of complex numbers and substituting into the equation to see why it works

tiny-tim
Hi L-x! Then substitute z = cotθ. 