- #1

Squall

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## Homework Statement

Calculate the volume of 0.116 M HCl(aq) required to neutralize the following solutions.

all the hydroxide ions in 25.0 mL of 0.215 M KOH(aq)

1. What is the molarity of Cl - ions at the stoichiometric point?

## Homework Equations

HCl + KOH --> KCl + H2O

## The Attempt at a Solution

1. So I am running out of ideas and need some help please take a look.

so at the stoichiometric point the amount of acid and base moles are equal

so .215M*.025L=.005375 moles of base that needs to be neutralized

so .005375n/.116M=.0463L

My theory is that the amount of Cl- ion in the solution is equal to the amount of moles of acid used since KCl is formed in the reaction and KCl dissociates into K+ and Cl- ions completely.

So then the molarity of Cl- at the stoichiometric point is

.005375 moles/(.0463L + .025L)=.0754M

2. Calculate the pH of the solution after the addition of 40.0 mL of 0.116 M HCl(aq) to 25.0 mL of 0.215 M KOH(aq).

.04L*.116M=.00464moles

.025L*.215M=.005375moles

so we subtract .005375n-.00464n=0.000735 moles of KOH left

no we get concentration by dividing .000735moles/(.04+.025)L=.01131 Molar

to get pH we first calculate the pOH since we still have base present

-log(.01131)=1.9466

pH= 14 - 1.9466 = 12.0533

I don't understand why this is the wrong answer seems like I did all the other problems the same way and got a right answer, but here I don't get it. If you guys can please take a look and see if I am missing something I would greatly appreciate your help.

Than You