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Dark energy and dark matter as curvature effects?

  1. Feb 12, 2013 #1
    The so called f (R)-gravity could be, in principle, able to explain the accelerated expansion of the Universe without adding unknown forms of dark energy/dark matter but, more simply, extending the General Relativity by generic functions of the Ricci scalar. However, a part several phenomenological models, there is no final f (R)-theory capable of fitting all the observations and addressing all the issues related to the presence of dark energy and dark matter. Astrophysical observations are pointing out huge amounts of ”dark matter” and ”dark energy” needed to explain the observed large scale structures and cosmic accelerating expansion. Up to now, no experimental evidence has been found, at fundamental level, to explain such mysterious components. The problem could be completely reversed considering dark matter and dark energy as ”shortcomings” of General Relativity.


    [Publicated in Mem. S.A.It. Vol. 83, 1054]
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 12, 2013 #2

    Simon Bridge

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    Sure - one can always just say that general relativity is wrong and space just happens to curve like that on the large scale but not on a small scale. So what?
  4. Feb 13, 2013 #3


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    This isn't very likely at all.

    First, the Bullet Cluster and the CMB are impossible to reconcile with modified gravity without some form of dark matter (the TeVeS people claim to explain the Bullet cluster, but only by proposing a new, more massive species of neutrino, i.e. dark matter).

    Second, it's rather difficult to actually modify gravity on large scales without also modifying it on small scales in a way that is detectable (sometimes causing matter to be unstable). For example:

    This doesn't mean it's impossible, it just means that there are strong constraints on the possibility. And as cosmological observations of structure formation come in, those constraints are going to get much, much stronger.
  5. Feb 13, 2013 #4

    Since decades, we cannot solve the mystery of the dark matter and dark energy. Because perhaps dark energy and a dark matter does not exist (curvature), or composed from weakly interacting particles, which we cannot detect. Such as tachyons or axions.
  6. Feb 13, 2013 #5
    We also could not detect until recently the Higgs Boson. There are types of Neutrinos that are still elusive. Our standard model of particles is by no means complete. That does not entail that the particles do not exist. It took a long time of counter arguments against dark energy and dark matter to become validated as the most plausible possibility.
  7. Feb 13, 2013 #6


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    Or perhaps dark energy and dark matter are fairly close to what we have already predicted and we just haven't been able to gather enough evidence yet.
    My point is that simply saying "it's been a while and we haven't figured this out" isn't really a reasonable argument. For example, the Higgs Boson was predicted something like 40 years ago. It simply took so long to find because we had to build a multi-billion dollar collider to find it.
  8. Feb 13, 2013 #7


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    ...nor is it true that dark matter is undetectable. Dark matter, at the very least, interacts gravitationally which gives rise to observable phenomena like the Bullet cluster and can be constrained by measurements of CMB anisotropies, as Chalnoth mentioned. If dark matter is additionally weakly interacting, various direct detection efforts have a hope of measuring certain properites of the dark matter particles. And, while axions remain a dark matter candidate, tachyons likely have nothing to do with it. petergreen -- where'd you hear this?

    EDIT: And please, dark matter and dark energy have nothing necessarily to do with each other, aside from the fact that both possess the word "dark" in their names. It makes little sense, from a physics standpoint, to discuss both in the same thread as if they are equally mysterious or physically related in some way. They're not.
  9. Feb 13, 2013 #8
    Dark matter... OK! Can be detected, but we can not what it is! Axions??? The dark energy in turn may be a tachyon field!


    DOI: 10.1007/s10509-012-0977-x
    Last edited: Feb 13, 2013
  10. Feb 13, 2013 #9


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    Petergreen, you seem to want to just post whatever happens to agree with your train of thought on Dark Energy/Dark matter. Instead of posting things it might be, it would probably be infinitely more helpful to ask what we DO know about both topics and why we have come to those conclusions. This allows FAR more concrete answers to be given, such as constraints placed on different theories based on observations.
  11. Feb 13, 2013 #10

    this paper shows the problems with the ghost dark matter model

    The last paper you posted derives from that model. Counter models are well and good but when randomly browsing them can be VERY misleading. Every paper tries to convice you. This is the way it is.

    However in many cases of these counter models if you dig deep enough have flaws which prevent them from becoming popular throughout the science community.

    Edit One side note if you wish to propose counter arguments use the papers as suportive to your view point but take the time to share your reasoning in posting them. Incuding your personal arguments trust me we will all learn more from that than a bunch of random papers.
    Last edited: Feb 13, 2013
  12. Feb 14, 2013 #11
    ... Any latest updates/reading materials on repulsive gravitational force, matters on negative pressure/false vacuum? Last time i've heard is that they add a new component, negative equation of state e.g (Quintessence fields minimally-coupled scalar field evolves in a potential V in which energy and pressure combined resulted in negative equation of state) and the geometrical modification of gravity besides several hints from QG (modification of gravitational low energy lagrangian).
  13. Feb 14, 2013 #12
    Guys! Two cases are possible...

    A: Dark matter and energy are simply space-time curvature or torsion.
    B: Weakly interacting real and/or imaginary (hypothetical) particles.
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