# Diffraction Problem

1. Dec 14, 2006

### tigerguy

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

Diffraction and interference occur for wave phenomena such as light and water waves as well as sound waves. During a lecture on diffraction, Steve's eyelids droop,meaning that he closes his eyes until he is looking out through his eyelashes. Then, a green light (lambda= 6 e -7) ini the lecture hall appears to have multiple images, and each image is blurred (wider) than when his eyes are more wide open.

What is the full angular widht (delta theta) of each of the multiple images of the light as viewed through the gap between a pair of neighboring eyelashes? Suppose that the diameter of Steve's eyelashes is 3 x 10^-6 m and the spacing between them is 6 x 10^-6 m.

2. Relevant equations

I think we have to using sin(theta) = lambda/W. For the eyelashes, I think we have to use sin (theta) = 1.22 lambda/D.

3. The attempt at a solution
So basically, I used that same formula twice, and added the theta's up to get the angle. I don't think that this approach is right, so any advice/guidance would be appreciated.

2. Dec 14, 2006

### OlderDan

The wording of the problem sounds to me like you are supposed to be analyzing the pattern of one single slit.

http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/phyopt/sinslit.html#c1

3. Dec 14, 2006

### tigerguy

What would the slit width a and the variable m be, then? I don't think we learned that in class yet. Thanks for your help!

4. Dec 14, 2006

### OlderDan

The slit width is to be calcualted from the diameter and spacing of the eyelashes. m will be different for each image.

5. Dec 15, 2006

### tigerguy

Theres a second part of the question that I'm confused about:

Steve also sees multiple images of light due to constructive interference from the light that diffracts through different gaps between his eyelashes. The most prominent secondary images occurs at an angle such that the path lengths of light from the gaps between neighboring eyelashes to the retina differ by one wavelength so that their interference is constructive. What is the angular separation between the primary image (seen with wide-open eyes) and the nearest secondary image (seen through the eyelashes)?

What is the best way to approach this problem? Are we just finding the angles of both, and just subtracting to find the difference? I'm pretty confused, so I'd appreciate any help.

6. Dec 15, 2006

### OlderDan

This changes the problem to a diffraction grating problem. The interference is from multiple slits with regular spacing between them. The diffraction from each individual slit is responsible for spreading the light in different directions, but the interference pattern is due to the path length differences from the different slits. The equations are similar, but not quite the same.

http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/phyopt/grating.html

7. Dec 15, 2006

### tigerguy

Thanks again;

I found 2 angles for the last problem - would the difference be the angular separation between the primary and secondary images?

Thanks

8. Dec 16, 2006

### OlderDan

That's the way it sounds to me. The primary image formed when looking through the eyelash "grating" is in the same position as the one image formed with no grating.