1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data Given a electrical circuit as one below One can find the transfer function For second order systems this can be written as I know that the damping coefficient can be found using the following formula In the over damped case ζ>1 can easily occur depending on the values of the components above. My question is how would you plot a bode plot when ζ>1? I know that when 0<=ζ<=1 Θ can be found using, Θ=arccos(ζ). In the over damped case you would get the arccosine of a value greater than one. In which case Θ is imaginary so how would you go about plotting it such a angle? I know how to solve such a equation such as arccosine(2), but am unsure of the physical conclusions from such a equation. I'm just intrigued by learning physical representations of the trigonometric functions that fall out side of their real domains. I would like to learn more on this subject. Thanks for any help.