# Great introduction to heat, temperature and thermodynamics.

• Intro Physics
• christian0710
In summary, the conversation discusses the need for a beginner-friendly text on heat, temperature, and thermodynamics, as well as suggestions for books to consider. Some recommended options include Inventing Temperature by Hasok Chang, Understanding Physics by Isaac Asimov, and Entropy and the Second Law by Schroeder. The book Fundamentals of Statistical and Thermal Physics by Reif is also mentioned, along with a recommendation to watch Shankar's video lectures for a basic understanding of physics fundamentals.
christian0710
So i need a introduction to Heat, temperature and thermodynamics; not a very advanced text, just a clear beginner text that can include math/calculus. I'm just curious about how heat was/is measured, how it's defined and how it works.Also I wan't to understand thermodynamics and entropy and how and why it was devellopedl

So far I'm thinking about choosing between these books.

A) Inventing Temperature: Measurement and Scientific Progress - Hasok Chang.(Love history and how ideas evolved throught experiment )
B) Understanding Physics: Volume 1: Motion, Sound and Heat - Isaac Asimov (then reading about heat)

C) Entropy and the Second Law: Interpretation and Misss-Interpretations

Although it does not contain historical explanations a book that you might consider examining is Schroeder's An Introduction to Thermal Physics. I think it develops the idea of temperature, energy, entropy from kinetic gases quite clearly and eventually leads into introductory Stat Mech. Another classic text is Statistical Physics: Berkeley Physics Course, Vol. 5 by Rief which I remeber as being clear but I cannot remember as to wheter it included historical development.

Reif has updated his contribution to the Berkeley Physics Course, producing this book: Fundamentals of Statistical and Thermal Physics

As for the OP, if you have never been exposed to any of that, take a few hours of your time to follow Shankar in his video lectures (21 to 24) on the fundamentals of physics (look them up on Youtube).
The man has a knack for getting to the heart of things. Those lessons might be a powerful appetizer.

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## 1. What is the difference between heat and temperature?

Heat is the transfer of thermal energy between two objects at different temperatures, while temperature is a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in an object.

## 2. How does heat affect the state of matter?

Heat can cause a substance to change states, such as from solid to liquid or liquid to gas. This is because the particles in a substance gain energy when heated, causing them to move more and potentially break the bonds holding them in a certain state.

## 3. What is the relationship between heat and work?

Heat and work are both forms of energy, and they can be converted into each other. In thermodynamics, the first law states that the change in internal energy of a system is equal to the heat added to the system minus the work done by the system.

## 4. How do thermometers measure temperature?

Thermometers work by measuring the expansion or contraction of a substance, such as mercury or alcohol, in response to changes in temperature. As the substance expands, it moves up a calibrated scale to indicate the temperature.

## 5. What is the role of thermodynamics in everyday life?

Thermodynamics plays a crucial role in many everyday processes, such as cooking, refrigeration, and energy production. It helps us understand how heat and energy are transferred and how they can be used to do work.

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