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Help! equlibrium, torque, tension problem?

  1. Dec 18, 2012 #1
    #1 a uniform beam of weight 500 N and length 3.0 m is suspended horizontally. On the left is hinged to the wall; on the right it is supported by a cable bolted to the wall at distance D above the beam. The least tension that will snap the cable is 1200N. What value of D corresponds to that tension?

    TLcos(θ) - mg L/2 = 0

    #2 a uniform beam of length 12.0 m is supported by a horizontal cable and a hinge at angle θ = 50° with the vertical. The tension in the cable is 400 N. Find the gravitational force on the beam in unit vector notation and the force on the beam from the hinge in unit vector notation.

    TLsin40° = W(L/2)sin50°

    I am confused on when to use cos or sin. Can someone explain why cos was use in #1 and sin in #2? I attached some pics below.
     

    Attached Files:

  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 18, 2012 #2

    PeterO

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    Homework Helper

    In #1 you haven't shown where the angle you were using is placed in the triangle. Depending which angle you are using - they look like about 30o and 60o - so depends whether you will be using sin or cos.
     
  4. Dec 18, 2012 #3
    If your angle is between the beam and the cable, in #1, then your tension will be the sine of that angle, not cosine.

    Think of a parallelogram.
     
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