Help me build a mathematical model

  • #1
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So I was trying to learn how to build a mathematical model of an oscillating system. The system and FBD is shown below. I just got confused why I got a different value of k from both x force and torsional equilibrium equation? Am I missing something?
 

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  • #2
phinds
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Really ... you are going to post your work unfocused and sideways and then expect us to decipher it?
 
  • #3
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Yes, cause actually, I'm just trying to learn here. It's not a homework, It's a problem example of a free vibration translational system problem. I understand the solution, but I need to ignore the effect of the torsion caused by the weight. I'm trying to use a different approach (torsional), and see if the results are the same, but I stuck at this. Here are the problem example and the solution.
1567954848021.png

1567954875317.png
 
  • #4
anorlunda
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Yes, cause actually, I'm just trying to learn here.
What @phinds was trying to say is that photo you posted is illegible. If you want help, you should make things easier for the helpers. Please post again, in focus, better lighting, and right side up.
 
  • #7
JBA
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The two methods cannot be treated as independent, a precise vibration analysis would be based upon a combination of both the lateral force on the beam due to the ball mass plus the effect of the moment imposed upon the beam by the rotational inertia of the ball.
This is somewhat aligned with the earthquake analysis of one structure supporting another secondary structure.
 
  • #8
15
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So, in analyzing every vibration problem, we need to analyze both linear and torsional approach. I thought we can just use either one, where one method covers the other. Thanks for the enlightment.
 
  • #9
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So, in analyzing every vibration problem, we need to analyze both linear and torsional approach. I thought we can just use either one, where one method covers the other. Thanks for the enlightment.

In general, it is not a matter of this approach or that. In general systems, a general displacement will involve both translation and rotation, so the mode shape will include both sorts of displacement. There are some system types where we know that there is motion of only one type. For a spring-mass system, guided by a support, there will be no rotation and hence no need to consider angular motion. For several bodies on a well supported shaft, usually there will be only rotational motion and there is no need to consider translation. For a system involving two shafts coupled by a gear pair, there will be both translation and rotation involved.
 

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