I'm trying to understand heat-transferring process and the maximum amount of current and coolant required to apply and maintain(for a short-duration) high current in a certain conductor, before I start considering an experiment, I'd rather have my work correct in-terms of the calculations and predictions of what might happen. The conductor is a copper plate, the dimensions: 250mm H x 5mm W x 10mm T Weight: 111.58 grams Can this conductor sustain 50kA in a duration of 100ms without fusing/melting? Since it's a plate, I used this online calculator for a quicker computation of the resistance and confirmed it with my own work they are approximately the same, the resistance at room temperature is: 0.0000843 Ohms. The idea here is to have the conductor initially cooled to -196°C using liquid nitrogen, using the same calculator above I changed the temperature to -196°C, and now R = 0.0000117 Ohms Using Ohm's law I'm assuming that the applied voltage(##V##) would be: ##0.0000117\Omega \times 50kA## = ##0.585V## The power is ≈ ##30kW## Now when working out the heat transfer and the rate of transfer I lose myself, it's like all the things I studied in Physics 101 and Chem. 101 faded away... here are some questions I couldn't figure out aside from the initial one: 1) How long would it take to cool the plate from RT(20 - 25°C) to (-196°C) to apply the 50kA? 2) How much(volume) liquid nitrogen would I need to sustain this process for 100ms? 3) How long would it take to cool the wire(or transfer all the dissipated power) for a re-run(somewhat relates to Q1)? 4) Would the induced magnetic field have any ramifications? I assume a large spike if disconnected quickly due to the induced EMF. The reason I considered liquid nitrogen is to reduce the resistance greatly, and cool the system rapidly, however, I think water would be a good substitute? Or even air cooling? Or possibly both or all? I'm pretty sure due to the rapid boiling of liquid nitrogen I'd require a lot of it.