I have assembeled one smps circuit for 25volts, 40 amps. Circuit gives unwanted high feaquency noise at part load. It is silent at no load. What could be the problem. I am not electronic engineer, Electronics is my hobby. Any body can help me.
You have a scope? IF so, look at the pulse waveform driving the MOSFET, if the width change back and fore when the transformer making noise, you have a stability problem. Normally if you have a constant load, the pulse width is constant, you see a square type wave with duty cycle depending on the load, and if the load don't change, the pulse width is constant.
If you see the pulse width vary, you have oscillation. This is closed loop feedback stability problem. You need to know either Laplace or Bode Plot to tame it. If you are a hobbyist and don't know what I am talking, post the schematic in detail, give the value of the filter caps. People here can take a look.
I take it your describing a noise you can hear?
If it tends to be hissy, you likely have what's called sub-harmonic instability. It's amazing how many supplies have actually made it to market with this problem, but still work.
The leading cause of this problem, in flyback style supplies, is that the transformer ratio is off such that the pulse width exceeds 50%. If your stuck with a given turns ratio, a technique called slope compensation can help.
- As a novice, don't attempt voltage mode controlled supplies. Instead, use a current mode controller such as a UCC384x.
- Another problem area is the output rectifiers staying on and causing a current spike in the MOSFET when it tries to switch on. This makes a lot of supplies load sensitive because the current sensing line gets a big pulse at the beginning of each cycle. This in turn throws the current trip point off... If you try to filter the current sense line, this problem remains.
The easiest fix I've found is to operate the supply in discontinuous mode. What this means is that whatever energy the transformer stored during the on time is totally depleted during the off time. At low load conditions, you naturally operate in this mode. To get it for higher loads, resize the transformer. You want it's inductance low enough to ensure that it discharges fully during the off time. Just remember E=1/2 I^2 L and dI=V/L and you'll likely be able to find a transformer inductance.