1. Not finding help here? Sign up for a free 30min tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

How to find change in entropy for heat transfer between an object dropped in water

  1. May 2, 2009 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A 500 g copper block at 80 C is dropped into 1.0 kg of water at 10 C. Find the entropy change of the system.


    2. Relevant equations
    dS= integral of dQ/T


    3. The attempt at a solution
    I found that the final equilibrium temperature is 290 K using the equation
    [(m1*c1*dT1) + (m2*c2*dT2)]/ [(m1*c1) + (m2*c2)]
    I know that this is correct, but I'm not sure what to do from here. I know that this is Tf, but what do I use as Ti for the integral, the temperature of the block or the water? And which equation do I integrate to find the entropy in this case (What is the equation for Q)?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. May 2, 2009 #2
    Re: How to find change in entropy for heat transfer between an object dropped in wate

    Well, not sure why you wrote dT1 and dT2 in the equation. But you are correct if you meant:
    [tex]T_f = \left(m_1 c_1 T_1 + m_2 c_2 T_2\right)/\left(m_1 c_1 + m_2 c_2\right)[/tex]

    You also know that [tex]dQ = m\cdot c\cdot dT[/tex] but forgot to mention it in your list of equations. Knowing this and that
    [tex]\Delta S = \int_{T_i}^{T_f}dQ/T[/tex]
    you can solve for the change in entropy, [tex]\Delta S[/tex], for both systems. The total change in entropy will just be the sum of the two values.

    P.S.: Be careful with units. And be sure the total change in entropy is greater than or equal to zero, we don't want to be breaking any laws here :)
     
  4. May 2, 2009 #3
    Re: How to find change in entropy for heat transfer between an object dropped in wate

    Thank You!
     
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook




Similar Discussions: How to find change in entropy for heat transfer between an object dropped in water
Loading...