How to Find the Amplitude in SHM with Only K and Mass?

In summary, Simple Harmonic Motion (SHM) is a type of oscillation with a sinusoidal displacement pattern and acceleration always directed towards equilibrium. Regular oscillation can have different displacement and acceleration patterns. The equation for angular frequency (ω) is ω = 2πf, where f is the frequency of the oscillation. Angular frequency is a measure of how quickly an object oscillates in SHM and is directly proportional to frequency and inversely proportional to period. In SHM, angular frequency is also directly proportional to the spring constant (k) and mass (m) of an object. Angular frequency cannot be negative in SHM, but may have a negative sign in certain equations involving trigonometric functions.
  • #1
swede5670
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Homework Statement


If provided only the spring constant K and the mass of an object undergoing simple harmonic motion how do you find the amplitude?


Homework Equations


Angular Frequency = sqrt (k/m)
Period = 1/t

The Attempt at a Solution


Using the two equations above you can derive [tex]\omega[/tex] period, and frequency. This gives you [tex]\omega[/tex], period, frequency, mass and the spring constant. Is it possible to solve for the amplitude with these variables?
 
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  • #2
Amplitude is a function of the energy in the SHM system and we don't have any information about that.

TotalEnergy = 0.5*K*Amplitude²
 
  • #3


Yes, it is possible to solve for the amplitude using these variables. The amplitude can be found by rearranging the equation for angular frequency to solve for the amplitude. The equation for angular frequency is \omega = \sqrt{k/m}, so the amplitude can be found by multiplying both sides by the period and then dividing by 2\pi, which gives the equation A = \sqrt{k/m} * t/2\pi. Therefore, if you have the values for the spring constant and mass, and can measure the period of the motion, you can calculate the amplitude of the oscillation.
 

Related to How to Find the Amplitude in SHM with Only K and Mass?

What is SHM and how does it differ from regular oscillation?

Simple Harmonic Motion (SHM) is a type of oscillation where the displacement of an object from its equilibrium position follows a sinusoidal pattern. This means that the acceleration of the object is always directed towards the equilibrium position. Regular oscillation, on the other hand, can have various types of displacement and acceleration patterns.

What is the equation for calculating the angular frequency of an object in SHM?

The equation for angular frequency (ω) is ω = 2πf, where f is the frequency of the oscillation in hertz. This equation relates the angular frequency to the frequency of the oscillation, and it is used to calculate the period of the oscillation (T = 1/f).

What is the significance of angular frequency in SHM?

The angular frequency is a measure of how quickly an object oscillates in SHM. It is directly proportional to the frequency and inversely proportional to the period of the oscillation. A higher angular frequency means that the object is oscillating at a faster rate, while a lower angular frequency means a slower rate of oscillation.

How is angular frequency related to the spring constant and mass in SHM?

According to Hooke's law, the spring constant (k) and the mass (m) of an object are directly proportional to its angular frequency (ω). This means that if the mass or the spring constant is increased, the angular frequency will also increase. This relationship is important in understanding the behavior of objects in SHM systems.

Can angular frequency be negative in SHM?

No, angular frequency cannot be negative in SHM. Since it is defined as a positive quantity in the equation ω = 2πf, it cannot have a negative value. However, it can have a negative sign in certain equations that involve trigonometric functions, but this does not change its value or meaning.

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