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Masses of two binary stars

  1. Nov 3, 2009 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    (a) About half of the visible "stars" are actually binary star systems, two stars that orbit each other with no other objects nearby. Consider the motion of the center of mass of a binary star system. For a particular binary star system, telescopic observations repeated over many years show that one of the stars (whose unknown mass we'll call M1) has a circular orbit with radius R1 = 7 ee11 m, while the other star (whose unknown mass we'll call M2) has a circular orbit of radius R2 = 10e11 m about the same point. Make a sketch of the orbits, and show the positions of the two stars on these orbits at some instant. Label the two stars as to which is which, and label their orbital radii. Indicate on your sketch the location of the center of mass of the system. (Do this on paper; you will not be asked to turn it in. )
    (c) This double star system is observed to complete one revolution in 49 years. What are the masses of the two stars? (For comparison, the distance from Sun to Earth is about 1.5 1011 m, and the mass of the Sun is about 2 1030 kg.) This method is often used to determine the masses of stars. The mass of a star largely determines many of the other properties of a star, which is why astrophysicists need a method for measuring the mass.

    2. Relevant equations

    G*m1*m2/(r1+r2)=m1r1(2pi/T)^2


    3. The attempt at a solution

    m2=(r1+r2)^2(r1)(2pi/t)^2

    I plugged all the numbers in but got the wrong answer is there something I am doing wrong?

    Thank you
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 3, 2009 #2

    Delphi51

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper

    Could it be that you just forgot to square (r1 + r2) ?
    Perhaps a calculation error? If you show your calc, someone will check it for you.
     
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