• Support PF! Buy your school textbooks, materials and every day products Here!

Momentum Lab Help

  • Thread starter SJ107
  • Start date
6
0
1. Homework Statement
The other day, I was asked to conduct an experiment involving momentum. Basically, I set two mini-carts bumper to bumper, and hit a switch that caused them to push away from each other and travel in opposite directions. We then had to repeat the experiment using different weights and such.

Anyway, after collecting the data, my physics teacher wants us to find the force of friction, coefficient of friction, and work done by friction. How do I approach these questions? I already know the carts’ Acceleration, Distance, Time, Initial Velocity, Final Velocity, Mass, Normal Force, and Momentum. Also, is acceleration supposed to be negative in these situations?

2. Homework Equations

Momentum = Mass * Velocity
Coefficient of Friction = Normal Force * Force of Frction
Friction = Force Applied from X Direction * (mass * acceleration)

3. The Attempt at a Solution

Fn - f = (mass x acceleration)
:18N - f = 1.8kg x -.106m/s^2 ?
::-f = -18
:::f = 18 N

Thanks for the help!
 

Answers and Replies

cristo
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
8,056
72
No your calculation isn't correct. After the cart has been pushed, there is only one force acting on it. What do you think this is? This should answer your question about negative acceleration, and enable you to use Newton's second correctly.
 
6
0
No your calculation isn't correct. After the cart has been pushed, there is only one force acting on it. What do you think this is? This should answer your question about negative acceleration, and enable you to use Newton's second correctly.
Well, the only force acting on the carts after the push is Friction. I'm guessing since it's slowing the cart down, the force is negative - as it opposes forward progress. So, would friction be equal to (mass * -a)?
 
cristo
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
8,056
72
Correct. So, you now have the magnitude of friction. Can you calculate the coefficient and work done?
 
6
0
Correct. So, you now have the magnitude of friction. Can you calculate the coefficient and work done?
I believe so. All I have to do is plug the Force of Friction into the "Coefficient of Friction = Normal Force * Force of Friction, correct? :)
 
cristo
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
8,056
72
Well, the correct equation is force of friction=coefficient * normal force. But yes you just plus in the values you know.
 
6
0
Oh okay. Thanks for all the help, I really appreciate it!

Have a nice day. :-)
 
cristo
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
8,056
72
You're welcome!
 
6
0
Apparently, there is another question that asks, "What was the momentum of the system after collision?". What does my teacher mean when he says "momentum of the system"? Is it the average Momentum from both carts?
 
Last edited:
cristo
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
8,056
72
Total momentum of the system will be the sum of the momenta of the two carts.
 
6
0
Allrighty, thanks again!
 

Related Threads for: Momentum Lab Help

  • Last Post
Replies
0
Views
1K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
1K
Replies
0
Views
3K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
942
  • Last Post
Replies
6
Views
2K
Replies
8
Views
5K
Replies
2
Views
6K
Replies
4
Views
4K
Top