Overall entropy

1. May 10, 2006

jg95ae

A piece of metal at 80 degrees C is placed int 1.22 litres of water at 72 degrees C. This thermally isolated system reaches a final temperature of 76 degrees C. Estimate the overall change of entropy for this system.

Can I actually calculate anything for this question since I don't know the weight or the type of metal??

Thanks

Last edited: May 10, 2006
2. May 10, 2006

Chi Meson

Key word: "estimate." Since the heat that flows (Q) and the temperatures are what matter for finding the changes in entropy, and since all the heat required to change the temperature of 1.22 L of water came from the metal, you have enough for an estimated answer. start by finding Q.

3. May 10, 2006

jg95ae

Ok so I from the density of water I found that 1.2L is 1.2 kg of H20

So Q=mcdT
Q=(1.2kg)(1.0 kcal/kgC)(76-72C)
Q=4.8 kcal

So dSw = 4.8 kcal/347K
dSw = 0.014 kcal/K

So now that I know the change in entropy for the water how do I figure it out for the metal?

4. May 11, 2006

Chi Meson

Q_out = -Q_in

Use the average temperatures of each.

5. May 11, 2006

jg95ae

So then dS for the metal would be Q/(Avg temp of the metal)

dSm = -4.8 kcal/351K
dSm = -0.014 kcal/K

So adding these together would mean that the overall change in Entropy is 0? Can this be right??

6. May 11, 2006

Chi Meson

drag your results to one more digit and it would be right. As far as appropriate sig figs go, there is "no significant change in total entropy." but there is always a net increase in entropy.

7. May 11, 2006

Andrew Mason

This is a good illustration of when (mis)use of significant figures at intermediate stages can bury an answer.

The important point here is that the loss of heat of the metal is exactly the gain in heat of the water. So you should express the difference between the two entropy changes in two significant figures ie:

$$\Delta S$$ = 4.8(1/347 - 1/351) = 4.8( 3.3 x 10^-5) = 1.6 x 10^-4 J/Kg.

AM

8. May 11, 2006

jg95ae

Ok so if I increase the number of digits

dSw = 0.01383
dSm = -0.01368

Therefore the overall change in Entropy is S = 0.01383+(-0.01368)
S = 0.00015 kcal/K

9. May 11, 2006

jg95ae

I guess its right - must have been writing the last messages at the same time.

Thanks for the help

10. May 11, 2006

Andrew Mason

It should be 1.6 x 10^-4. (1/347 - 1/351) = 4/(347*351) = 3.3 x 10^-5.

AM