Plane wave decomposition method in scalar optics

  • I
  • Thread starter HUANG Huan
  • Start date
  • #1
HUANG Huan
1
0
Suppose an optical scalar wave traveling in Z direction. Using the diffraction theory of Fourier Optics, we can predict its new distribution after a distance Z. The core idea of Fourier Optics is to decompose a scalar wave into plane waves traveling in different directions. But this decomposition process ignores the polarization factor of different plane wave components, i.e. each plane wave has a different polarization direction, which is not necessarily in XY plane. So, if we consider the polarization directions when adding all plane wave components, we may not obtain the original scalar wave.

why can we use plane wave decomposition method of Fourier Optics? Is it because it is a scalar wave? Or if we demand that all the plane wave components make a small angle with z axis, then it is possible to ignore the polarization direction differences? Thank you!
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
Andy Resnick
Science Advisor
Education Advisor
Insights Author
7,755
2,679
why can we use plane wave decomposition method of Fourier Optics? Is it because it is a scalar wave? Or if we demand that all the plane wave components make a small angle with z axis, then it is possible to ignore the polarization direction differences? Thank you!

Scalar diffraction is usually a very good approximation, so that's why it's often used. When vectorial diffraction is required, for example imaging with a high-numerical aperture lens, a variety of polarization effects can be obtained, for example depolarization. Similarly, when calculating the efficiency of a diffraction grating, polarization (s- and p- polarization states) matters.

some references: Gu, "advanced Optical Imaging Theory" and the Richardson Grating Lab "Diffraction Grating Handbook".
 
  • Informative
  • Like
Likes Ibix and berkeman

Suggested for: Plane wave decomposition method in scalar optics

Replies
1
Views
372
  • Last Post
Replies
22
Views
570
  • Last Post
Replies
2
Views
328
  • Last Post
Replies
10
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
15
Views
477
Replies
2
Views
1K
Replies
6
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
3
Views
290
  • Last Post
Replies
5
Views
590
Top