- #1

Simplyh

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1.The most recent particle collisions at CERN:

Two Proton Beams at 3.5 TeV, traveling in opposite directions, collide. I don't known the exact angle but I can assume it is quite close to zero as the energy of the collision is about the sum of the energy of the particles. Calculating the speed of the protons, given their energies, gives a speed of around .96c (SR formulas work here pretty well).

Summing both speeds, according to the theorem of addition of speeds gives a speed of around 0.9993c. Calculating the energy for that speed using SR we get around 25 TeV. So, here, SR formulas don't work at all!

Even if my calculations are quite rough and I lack of exact data, it will be surely impossible to get an energy of 7 TeV from two particles at 3,5 TeV, using SR formulas!

So, why is the energy of the collision only 7 TeV? Why is the energy of the collision roughly the sum of the individual energies, suggesting that the collision takes place at the sum of the speeds? Why can two particles collide at 1,92c when SR “forbids” relative speeds greater than c? Why does SR work perfectly only when calculating the energy and speeds of the particles relatively to Earth?

2.Correction of time on satellite clocks:

If we use SR to calculate the slowing of satellite clocks due to its movement relatively to Earth the results are excelling and we use it all the time. We simply wouldn't have GPS if we didn't have SR equations!

But, if we use the same equations to calculate the correction of the clocks from the perspective of the satellite observer, applying the Principle of Relativity, we get it all wrong! the clocks of the satellite should need no correction at all; the clocks on Earth should be retarded.

So, as for the GR correction corresponding to the lower intensity of the field at orbit altitude, it seams that the movement effect is not relative: it does not depend on the observer; it is exactly the same for all observers!

3.Einstein's thought experiment for de-synchronization on the 1905 paper:

We have a solid device with a light source, an observer and a clock at one extremity and a mirror, an observer and a clock on the other. When the device is at rest (relatively to Earth) the time needed for light to travel AB is equal to the time needed to travel BA. But, when the device is moving (relatively to Earth) in the direction AB, the time needed for the light to travel from AB is greater that the time needed to travel BA.

Earth doesn't play here any role concerning relative speed of the objects on that system and so, the movement relatively to Earth, should be ignored. So, the system is as much at rest as before.

So:

The device's system is as good as Earth to be the reference frame to which the movement is referred, according to SR Principle of Relativity.

Light should travel, in that system, at speed c, in all directions, as in all the other inertial systems, according to the Principal of the Constancy of Light Speed.

So, applying both Principals of SR, the time needed for light to travel AB should match the time needed to travel BA. But it doesn't!

Let's now change the interpretation and, basically, keep the formulas. Let's go back to the beginning when Lorentz factor was calculated from the contraction of the electron moving at high speeds.

1.Particles collisions:

As for the electron, the proton field, when moving, interacts with Earth's field, creating a distortion on the field around the particle, which increases the proton's energy, according to SR formulas, taken from Lorentz formulas, taken from the observation of the moving Electron!

So, it doesn't apply to relative movement of two particles which is independent from their movement on Earth's field; relative movement of two particles can very easily exceed the speed of light. The energy of the collision will be the sum of the energies of the particles and the energies of the particles will depend on their speeds relatively to Earth, ACCORDING TO SR FORMULAS BUT NOT TO SR INTERPRETATION OF THE PHENOMENON!

2.Slow down of clocks of satellites

As for the electron, the particle field, when moving, interacts with Earth's field, creating a distortion on the field around the particle, which decreases the pace of its radiation emissions, according to SR formulas, taken from Lorentz formulas, taken from the observation of the moving Electron!

So it doesn't apply to relative movement of two clocks and its standby observers, one on a satellite and one on Earth. Nothing happens to Earth clocks, which don't move on Earth's electromagnetic field, while satellite clocks, which do move on Earth's field, do slow down for all kinds of observers, ACCORDING TO SR FORMULAS BUT NOT TO ITS INTERPRETATION OF THE PHENOMENON!

3.Speed of light relatively to objects moving relatively to Earth

Electromagnetic radiation is a perturbation of the electromagnetic field! This, I think, is unanimous. So, why shouldn't a perturbation of the field displace on the field? Therefore, radiation displaces in the field, not in vacuum!

If radiation propagates in the field, it's quite natural that it follows the field's movement: that's why its speed is equal in all directions at Earth's surface!

On the referred experiment most of the displacement is done on a non distorted field (though, depending on the construction of the device, some parts of the field could be distorted by speed, according to what was said above).

That's why the speed of light is equal to c relatively to Earth, smaller than c relatively to B and higher than c relatively to A, as expressly recognized by Einstein on his paper, in violation of the Principle of the Constancy of Light Speed in all inertial systems!

This principle is only valid to system Earth in particular and to all homogeneous fields in general, NOT TO SYSTEMS IN MOVEMENT RELATIVELY TO THE FIELD WHERE LIGHT IS DISPLACING!