# Relation between heat capacity and internal energy

#### trelek2

The task is to derive an expression for the heat capacity of a system at constant volume and show that at high temperatures it is inversely proportional to the square of temperature.

As far as I'm concerned the relation between internal energy and heat capacity is:
Cv=dE/dT
However with with i cannot get a reasonable answer.

The expression for the total internal energy of a system is given by:
$$E= \frac{N \Delta E}{exp( \Delta E/kT) +1 } }$$

Where N is the total number of particles, T is the temperature, k is the Boltzmann constant.

When i differentiate it I get an expression which is negative and inversely proportional to the temperature, not to the square temperature....

Related Classical Physics News on Phys.org

#### derek e

I do not think you are differentiating correctly. I took the partial in a big T limit and got a positive inverse T relationship. What are your steps?

#### trelek2

But it is clearly supposed to be proportional to inverse square T...
I use the quotient rule E'=(u'v-uv')/v^2
and take u=NdeltaE, u'=0
v=exp(deltaE/kT)+1 v'=(deltaE/kT)exp(deltaE/kT).
This clearly gives a negative inverse T proportional.
Show me what I am supposed to do.

#### derek e

Sorry, typo. I meant to say positive inverse square T. Your v' is incorrect. Use the chain rule.

#### trelek2

oh ****, you're right. How stupid I am.

#### derek e

No worries ### Physics Forums Values

We Value Quality
• Topics based on mainstream science
• Proper English grammar and spelling
We Value Civility
• Positive and compassionate attitudes
• Patience while debating
We Value Productivity
• Disciplined to remain on-topic
• Recognition of own weaknesses
• Solo and co-op problem solving