Dear Group, This new paper by two famous Princeton mathematicians named J.H. Conway and S. Kochen examines a particular case in quantum mechanics (QM) and then proves a new theorem which shows that if humans can be said to have "free will" then so do elementary physical particles. They show technically that free will means the opposite of both determinism and randomness (chance): http://www.ams.org/notices/200902/rtx090200226p.pdf This second paper on QM shows that the wavefunction of QM is both non- local and non-sequential which means that the wavefunction of QM transcends conventional notions of causality, probability, time and space: http://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0102109 Thus, we see that free will must exist and that this free will must have a meta-physical origin. Further, the work of Giuseppe Castagnoli also shows that quantum computation must be non-deterministic thus agreeing with my new argument above. For example, consider his newest paper: http://arxiv.org/abs/0904.4209 It deals with the fact that a quantum algorithm requires the number of operations (function evaluations) of a classical algorithm that knows in advance 50% of the information that specifies the solution of the problem. In a way, the quantum algorithm works like it knew beforehand 50% of the information about the solution it will find in the future.