1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data A tube is bent into the form of a semicircle with centre O and radius r. It is fixed in a vertical plane with its diameter horizontal, as shown in the diagram. A steel ball is held at one end A, and released into the tube. Throughout its motion the ball experiences a resistance of constant magnitude R. The ball first comes to rest at B, where OB makes an angle of π/3 with the vertical. It then runs back down the tube and next comes to rest at C, where OC makes an angle α with the vertical. Show that R = (3mg)/(5π) 2. Relevant equations 3. The attempt at a solution Alright so the problem I immediately encountered in trying to solve this is that I am unsure of how to find formulate the work done by R. Is this expressed over the total circular distance covered, or simply vertical distance? I tried using the latter method and came up with a wildly incorrect answer, but my work looked like this: (Potential energy at A) – (potential energy at B) = (work done by R over the vertical distance r+(r-x)) I ended up getting R = (mg(sin(π/6)))/(12 – sinπ), which obviously is not even close to correct. I assuming it is incorrect to assume R is working vertically. But how else do I formulate the energy loss caused by R? Do I even need this expression to solve the problem, or is there an alternative method?