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Various Calc I questions

  1. Jan 18, 2010 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    (Sorry I don't know how to insert nice looking equations)

    If the position function of a particle is given by
    s = t3 - 4.5t2 - 7t, t >= 0
    , the particle reaches an instantaneous
    velocity of 5 m/sec when t =

    2. Relevant equations

    3. The attempt at a solution
    Well, the problem I'm having is how to do this to find t instead of finding the velocity. If I attempt to find the derivative, I always get stuck at something like:

    lim h -> t [(t+h)3 - 4.5(t+h)2 - 7(t+h)] - [t3 - 4.5t2 - 7t] ALL OVER h

    I can play with that a little bit, but it never gets anywhere. thanks
  2. jcsd
  3. Jan 18, 2010 #2


    Staff: Mentor

    Assuming that you have to use the definition of the derivative, expand your (t + h)3 and (t + h)2 terms and then combine all like terms in the numerator. There should be some simplification so that you can then divide by the h in the denominator. Finally, take the limit as h --> 0 and you will be left with your derivative.
  4. Jan 18, 2010 #3
    Well you need to find the derivative. I can tell you the answer is 4 but you should find it for yourself. If that is where you get stuck, expand it out and cancel out like terms. What i mean by that is calculate (t+h)(t+h)(t+h) and then find 4.5(t+h)(t+h) and so on. You will see that all terms without the h cancel out, and you are able to divide everything by h.

    Keep in mind that the answer you will then have is now a speed function, not a position function. If you are still stuck post again.
  5. Jan 18, 2010 #4
    OK, I did that, and assuming my algebra was right I got 3t2 - 9t - 7

    And here I'm stuck again. Do I just set that equal to 5 and solve?
  6. Jan 18, 2010 #5


    Staff: Mentor

    That is the correct value of s'(t). Now evaluate s'(t) at t = 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5.
  7. Jan 18, 2010 #6
    Awesome now I see. Thanks for the help Mark and dacruick.

    Ill probably have a few more questions over the next few hours.
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